María Moliner Ruiz (1900 -1981) is one of the most important women of Spanish letters. And she is so because of her linguistic work of incalculable value, and even more so when her humble origins are known in a small town in the Aragón region at the beginning of the 20th century, specifically in Paniza, Zaragoza province.
In today's article we are going to deal with conversation analysis , which is based on the observation and collection and analysis of a large number of conversations that occur in real everyday life. It is therefore an inductive method whose purpose is to study the mechanisms and actions used by speakers when maintaining a conversation, as well as the analysis of the means they use to it.
One of the questions that generates the most doubts in the subject of Language and Literature when doing the exercises is the internal structure of a text that they ask you. There are several types and the same text does not have to have a single structure but rather it can fulfill the characteristics of two or even more structures, so that the text will have several.
Continuing the previous article on the speech apparatus, we are now going to review the different movements and arrangements that the vocal cords can adopt and that are responsible for different auditory effects. Let's see what they are: – Loudness:
In today's article we enter the world of articulatory phonetics to talk about the vocal apparatus . There really isn't a set of organs whose mission is exclusively to produce speech, rather the respiratory and digestive systems undergo a series of adaptations to emit the sounds that make up speech.
The Andalusian, speaking in terms of dialect, has two very important peculiarities to highlight: – The first is that it is not possible to speak of Andalusian as a uniform and general unit, since the Andalusian that is spoken in some provinces of the autonomous community of Andalusia has nothing to do with the Andalusian that can be talk to each other.
The shared and popular authorship of the Brothers Grimm corresponds to Jacob Grimm (1785 – 1863) and Wilhelm Grimm (1786 – 1859). Some brothers who have gone down in literary history for their collection of Tales. In fact, even these Tales are the result of an arduous task of searching for and unifying traditional German literature, focusing above all on its children's and popular facets.
Today, in La Guía 2000, we are going to approach some existing theories about the origin of American Spanish. There are similarities between the Spanish spoken in the different countries of Latin America and that used in the peninsula that have led scholars of the subject to propose different opposing theories.
In today's article we are going to talk about the concept of polyphony in the communication process . Modern linguistics defends the principle of uniqueness of the subject who speaks, that is, the sender who pronounces something, who produces an utterance, is considered a unitary being and, therefore, the person responsible for what he says.
In the formation of the persuasion techniques used in the media and, specifically, in the press, the birth of the yellow pressin the United States at the end of the 19th century was a pivotal moment. The editors of the different media were looking for ways to get publicity for their pages and thus increase profits, this unleashed fierce competition looking for more and more sensational news and adding humorous strips and hobbies to their newspapers.
We can award the British author Jane Austen (1775 – 1817) the honor of having inaugurated such a popular literary subgenre as the romantic novel. A type of literature that critics (generally written by men) have often despised, but the truth is that it can be as valid as any other literary theme.
The culture of Ancient Greece has left an indelible mark on our society. Much more than we think. And in many more areas than we suppose. It is clear that democracy or the Olympic Games originated there, or there are concepts such as Apollonian beauty (of Apollo) that come from there.
The Galician writer Rosalía de Castro is mainly known for her poetry books, among which her appreciated volume Follas Nova stands out. And she is also valued for writing in her native language, Galician. However, here we bring you a novel, and that the writer also wrote in Spanish.
It is not the first time that we have told you about Julio Verne, nor will it be the last, since he is one of the great novelists of history. A benchmark for those who love to read adventure and travel stories, with works as emblematic as Around the World in 80 Days.
Today it's time to talk about children's literature and the chosen character is Winnie the Pooh bear. It may sound familiar to you mainly because of the animated shorts that he has starred in for the Disney factory, but the truth is thatWinnie the Pooh is a previousliterary character.
After the previous posts in which we have reviewed the most general spelling rules, and also some specific ones for the letters h, g and j. Now we have to finish talking about the specific rules of other letters of our alphabet. Let's see them:
As we advanced in the first post about spelling rules, there are letters of our alphabet that have their own rules and regulations, which are good to know to avoid mistakes. Let's review them quickly and with various examples. And since in the aforementioned post, we ended up mentioning a peculiarity of the letter h, let's start precisely with it.
Let's try to review basic spelling rules. A rules that once known, facilitate the correct writing of all our language. It is worth learning all these rules by heart little by little. Although it is best to use and visualize them, that is, write and read correctly.
All words have an accent, after all it is about the intonation with which each word is pronounced . But sometimes the accent is confused with the tilde. The tilde is nothing more than a spelling sign and not all words in Spanish have it . However, the intonation of those brand words by the presence but also by the absence of the tilde or spelling accent.
In the spelling section of our blog, The 2000 Guide , today we will explain what the umlaut consists of. Let's see: The umlaut is an orthographic sign (¨) that is placed on the vowel that corresponds according to the orthographic rules of Spanish.
Peruvian poet Carlos Germán Belli, born in 1927, is one of the great Latin American poets of recent decades. A writer with multiple works, awards and recognitions. But here we are going to focus on one of his first works compiled in 1967 under the title The foot on the neck.
Ricardo Jaimes Freyre was a Bolivian poet who, together with Rubén Darío, proposed the renewal of Latin American poetry. In fact, together with the Nicaraguan, he founded the influential Revista de América in Buenos Aires. On the other hand Jaimes Freyre (1869 – 1933) shared his literary endeavors with an outstanding diplomatic career, and even became Foreign Minister of Bolivia.
Jorge Carrera Andrade (1903 – 1979) we can safely consider as the highest quality poet to come out of Ecuador throughout the entire 20th century He was a rather precocious author, since his first works already appeared in the 1920s. Although they are somewhat formative works, and it would still take a few years for his style to acquire skill and importance, until finally it reaches a really relevant size.
The poet and art critic Guillaume Apollinaire is the most emblematic figure of what is considered an avant-garde artist at the beginning of the 20th century.A guy who developed his own work, but above all he was always surrounded by other artists whom he inspired, protected and defended Apollinaire (1880 – 1918) is French, but was actually born in Rome, although his natural father, an Italian aristocrat who soon disowned him, his brother and his mother.
Within the field of Language, there is a science that is specifically in charge of studying in what parts a word can be composed linguistically speaking or, in other words, what is the internal structure of a word. This science is morphology.
In general, any word that is variable (dog, bitch, dogs, bitches), is made up of two parts, the lexical, called “lexical morpheme” and the morphological “morpheme«. The first classification we can make of morphemes is between: inflectional morphemes and derivative morphemes.
Cuban Nicolás Guillén (1902 – 1989) is among the greatest Central American poets of the 20th century. An author who has been characterized by what has been called black poetry. His first books came out in the 1930s, with works like Sangre cosongo, where a still incipient style is seen and in which experimentation prevails.
A prefix is a derivative type morpheme that is placed just before the root of another word. In this way, the prefix changes the meaning of that word, generating a word new word that is usually referred to as a stem word. The word prefix comes from the Latin præfixus, which literally means "
The infixes are types of affixes whose particularity lies in the fact that they do not appear, like prefixes or suffixes, at the beginning or end of the lexeme, but within it. This feature makes them unusual, and in fact most universal languages do not use them.
Un gramme is a morpheme that appears after the lexeme and is used to indicate the grammatical accidents that occur to it. It is a dependent moneme and there are gramemes for both gender and number, tense, person and mood. For example, in a word like trees we have:
In La Guía 2000 we continue providing information about the different existing circumstantial complements. Although all of them share some generalities, it is important to highlight the particularities of each of them. Let's look at the time circumstantial complement.
Today, in La Guía 2000, we focus on the study of one of the existing syntactic functions, the circumstance complement, and more specifically on one of the types: the place complement. The circumstantial complement of place places in space what is expressed by the verb it complements.
As we have already revealed on other occasions, the concept of phrase is not very well defined due to disagreements between grammarians of different currents. Here we will understand a phrase as that part of the sentence that has a syntactic unit, that is, that performs a syntactic function.
In yesterday's article, The Core of the Noun Phrase: The Pronoun, we started to talk about the topic that concerns us today as well. We reviewed the definition of a pronoun and began the classification of this class of words, we studied the personal and possessive pronouns.
In the previous article, The Noun Phrase Head: The Name, we talked about the noun or noun as the head word of a noun phrase and we announced that the pronoun can also be the head of that type of phrase. We will take care of this matter today, let's start:
Let's continue talking about relative pronouns, an extremely interesting type of word when creating sentences with subordinate elements. Let's start with the relative who, which is also unstressed like that, which we already talked about in a previous post.
There are several characteristics and peculiarities that define the relative pronoun that. In the first place is an unstressed word, just as is invariant both in terms of gender and number. On the other hand, the antecedent it refers to can be both explicit and implicit.
The relative pronouns are that, with their forms el que, la que, los que and las que. Relative pronouns are also their variant which, which, which, which, which. Just as the following are also relative pronouns: who, who, how much, how much, how many, how many.
Today, in La Guía 2000, we are interested in the head of the noun phrase and to begin with, we will say that a phrase is that part of speech that has a syntactic function. The noun phrase will be the one whose head is a noun or a pronoun .
The grammatical category of the noun is the one that can perform the most functions in a parse. I'm going to analyze them one by one so that you understand them perfectly. – Subject (Suj): the subject function refers to the person, animal or thing that performs the action of the verb that is present in the sentence and precisely, any of these three, it can only be named by a noun.