Man is wiser and more intelligent when he manages to connect with his unconscious
For Sigmund Freud, psychiatrist and founder of Psychoanalysis, who was one of the scientists who dedicated himself in greater depth to the interpretation of dream content, dreams are unconscious desires and are symbolic.
These symbolic representations have the same meaning for all humanity but within the content of a dream the interpretation of these symbols depends on the dreamer's situation and only he can relate it to his personal life.
For this reason a dream cannot be interpreted without knowing the person who dreamed it; only the professional who knows the universal meaning of the symbols can decipher the representations that dreams contain and then, with the participation of the dreamer, come to interpret it.
The symbol is a representation that means something more than its immediate and obvious meaning. It contains a significant unconscious part that can rarely be fully known with precision.
When it comes to symbols, the mind transcends reason and passes to another level of non-rational knowledge beyond human understanding.
The symbol is used to represent concepts that we cannot define or understand, but man also produces symbols unconsciously and spontaneouslyduring dreams.
Man in his conscious life has limited sense perception and although he helps himself with advanced technology, he still does not know the ultimate nature of the matter of which he is a part.
But at the unconscious level man has the ability to broaden his perception and to realize this knowledge by intuition, as a certain kind of afterthought
Studying dreams made it easier for researchers to delve deeper into the unconscious aspect of events in the conscious psyche.
The existence of the unconscious is an assumption whose existence many deny because, among other things, it would imply the existence of two personalities in the same individual.
But that assumption is not so unwise considering that the tragedy of modern man and also of ancient man, is the internal struggle with himself.
Man has slowly developed consciousness over many ages and the enigma of his psyche is as great as the mystery that nature still hides
Human consciousness is still fragmented; and that split produces neurosis.
Dreams are associated with problems and conscious thoughts, and neurotic symptoms, such as hysteria, some pain, and abnormal behavior, also have symbolic meaning.
These symptoms are a means by which the unconscious expresses itself in symbolic form.
Freud used the technique of dream interpretation as a starting point for exploring the problemunconscious of patients.
Carl Gustav Jung has a much broader concept of the unconscious. For him the unconscious is not only a repository of past experiences but also contains the germs of future psychic situations, new thoughts and creative ideas that were never previously conscious.
In the history of science there are many examples, many artists, philosophers and even scientists, true geniuses who have had their best ideas or inspirations suddenly coming from their unconscious.
Dreams have a different structure than conscious life, the plot can be ridiculous and contradictory, the sense of time is lost and things and people can defy the laws of physics, fly, walk on water, being in space without any protection, etc.
Modern man sends all incomprehensible representations to the unconscious, because his rational conscious mind refuses to integrate them into his daily life. The same does not happen in some tribes still in the wild that can accept the ideas they do not understand and integrate them.
We are so used to the obvious nature of our world that we cannot imagine anything happening that cannot be explained rationally.
The terrors that haunt man today in our complicated civilization may be much more threatening than those of primitive man, who could attribute phenomena that he did not understand to something higher that he could not know