Earlier we delved into the story of Sabina Spielrein,a woman whose contributions toPsychoanalysiswere significant but whose name had not gone beyond rumors of her love life.
Like her, many women participated in the development of psychoanalytic ideas from the early moments. However, the best known, such as Melanie Klein or Anna Freud, were not the ones who were at the beginning, and dedicated themselves to the study of child psychology, which was considered an area of women at that time.
The ones we mention here are pioneer women whose names did not transcend too much and who, at a time when the role of women was strictly confined to the home, they studied and trained, generated projects and founded institutions; dared to inquire about women's sexuality.
Most of her achievements were made invisible, relegatedor“merged”into concepts published by men, whose names we studied extensively at the University today.
For this reason it is considered necessary, through this article, to know who were some of those women who debated, wrote and thought about of the human psyche in those times.
If we look into the History of the Psychoanalysis there islarge number of women who, from the beginning, were present, worked and were part of the most prestigious psychoanalytic environment.
Here, just some of them.
Lou Andreas Salomé (1861-1937) He was born in Saint Petersburg, Russia. Since she was 17 years old, she had an interest in studying, an issue not common for women of the time. He convinced her mother to enroll in the UniversityinZurich, the onlyGerman-speaking university that accepted women in Europe.
she She was a highly intelligent woman who moved nimbly in all social media. She she Collaboratedwith ideas from Niesztche, Paul Ree,whose partner she was, and she was psychoanalyst, discipleand collaborator of Sigmund Freud. She wroteand publica large number of articles, especially oriented to the study of sexualityandnarcissism.
Marie Bonaparte (1882-1962): »The psychoanalyst princess». She was effectively princess of Greece and Denmark, great-niece of Napoleon.
Difficulties in her sexual life led her to a consultation with Freud. From there she became involved in Psychoanalysis, helping to financethe incipient movementand being responsible for itsexpansion in France
she became widely interested in investigatingfemale sexuality , publishingthe results of her discoveries, under a pseudonym,in a medical journal
Memberfounder of the Psychoanalytic Society of Paris, was a central figure in the continuity and expansion of Freudian theory, helpingto escaping to the same Freud from Nazism, and guardingthe letters from Freud to Fliess to prevent them from being destroyed.
she practiced as apsychoanalystuntil her death
Helene Deuscht (1884-1982) was an Austrian psychoanalyst, later an American citizen who devoted herself to the study of psychology of woman, the sexuality feminine and the motherhood.
He started from Freudian concepts and delved into the anatomical differences between the sexes and the effects on the psyche and women's sexuality. Her work Psychologyof women,served as a reference for the work ofSimone de Beauvoir.
Although she was called a "feminist" in her day, she has been considered an emancipated woman but not addedto thefeminist movement.
Jeanne Lampl- De Groot (1895-1987)
She was a Dutch psychiatrist, who studied with Freud and dedicated herself to research on female sexuality. Worked for a while at the PsychoanalyticInstitute in Vienna, and then founded one in Netherlands, where trained analysts for several years.
His study of her was geared towards research on female sexuality, and thenfocused on the link between Psychoanalysis and other disciplines.