Addictions: Ecstasy

Addictions: Ecstasy
Addictions: Ecstasy

We have already mentioned the issue of addictions, and we have referred to the concept of Drug addiction as one that emphasizes the Toxic as a focus of interest.

We know that addiction is a term that implies a compulsive and repetitive behavior, which can refer to much broader areas than substance use: gambling, work, food, among many others.


However, on this occasion, we will pay special attention to the use of a drug that has become very popular in recent times by young people, fundamentally related to electronic music parties but also present in other contexts, called Ecstasy (MDMA), and the consumption associated or not, of LSD.

The psychoanalyst Rosella Valdré,developed an interesting reflection regarding the consumption of this type of toxins in particular.

Although these drugs are essentially known as “club” or “weekend”, this does not imply that their incidence is not significant.

As we discussed earlier, the toxins that are consumed regularly, affect the development of that particular subject and have an impact regarding their quality of life and future projection.

Furthermore, they must be thought in relation to the particular history of that subject, since there is always a cause in the regular consumption of any type ofdrug.

This type of substances produce, at the psychopathological level, depressive rebounds during withdrawal, paranoid symptoms, alterations of intake and hyperdosage. From the point of view of social control, an increase in night-time street incidents and difficulty for adolescents to maintain a stable job, among others.

The lightness with which these substances are generally considered compared to the consumption of drugs considered “heavier” such as cocaine by For example, makes it difficult to recognize frequent consumption, added to the well-known ability of the adolescent to physically tolerate a large amount of toxic stimulants (Miller, 1990), produces a delay in consultations and a recognition of the problem when an advanced use of the substance is already present.

In principle, the drug of Euphoria, produces, from a psychological point of view, that those young people who felt vulnerable and dependent now feel euphoric and safe, covering, through these effects, a void, or in other words, painful sensations that cannot be psychically metabolized and that pretend to be resolved magically.

We can call it a triumph of negation, being that the result is the annulment of the perception of psychic pain, through the ex altation of certain functions, giving account of a hypomanic defence, externalized by thisstate of pseudo-joy.

This denial is also familiar. It encompasses a defensive modality that exceeds the adolescent.

In general, the family environment of the adolescent or young person who abuses this type of substance is, from a psychological point of view, lacking and insufficient in in terms of emotional support and support that is provided.

In the background of this defensive scenario, there is in the young man a deep fear of Dependency. Fundamentally afraid of falling into depressive states, apathy, painful states that place them in a position of vulnerability and in need of help.

In therapy, the string, named by this author Dependency – Need – Fugue, is put into play, trying to ensure that, in the best of cases, some of this fear can be verbalized.

The role of the therapist in these cases involves presenting the adolescent with a model of an adult subject who is willing to support and listen.

This produces, consequently, the possibility, on the part of the adolescent, of identification and introjection of those good and idealizable characteristics that he/she sees in the therapist

It is important to know the characteristics of this type of addiction that often go unnoticed.

Frequent consumption is never by chance, as it can happen in some case of isolated consumption. Frequent consumption of this type meetsunconscious determinations and must be treated properly.

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