The line (II)

The line (II)
The line (II)

Continuing the previous article (The line I), today we are going to review other uses that this sign has. Let's get started:

1. In verbatim quotations, the transcriber's introductions are enclosed in dashes.


Example: "It is necessary -said the policeman- that the area be evacuated".

2. The dash also serves as an introductory sign for a list of elements that are written on different lines. In this case, the dash will not be written next to the first word, but a space will be left between them.

We can point out two ways to make the relationships when the dash is used:

a) It can be closed with a semicolon and write each of the elements that make up the relation in lowercase.


The elements involved in communication are:

- issuer;

- receiver;

- message;

- channel;

- code;

- context.

When, as in this case, the related elements are only made up of one word, punctuation marks may not be written.

The elements involved in communication are:

- issuer

- receiver


- channel

- code

- context

b) It can be closed with a period and capitalize each of the elements that make up the relation. Normally, ituse this option when entire statements are related.


Some of the characteristic linguistic aspects of humanistic texts are:

- The use of abstract nouns.

- The abundant use of words that have been formed by suffixation.

- The appearance of non-scientific technicalities.

- The use of cultisms.

Here, the dash can be replaced by other signs, letters followed by parentheses, or numbers.

3. The dash can be used to indicate that a word that has already been written in the first line has been omitted. This usage is used in bibliographies, alphabetical lists, and other similar relationships.


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- circumstantial


- indirect

- predicative

After this line no punctuation mark should appear, even if it exists in the first mention.


MENÉNDEZ PIDAL, R: The Spain of the Cid (1929).

- Song of mine Cid: text, grammar and vocabulary (1908–1912).

- The Castilian epic through Spanish literature (1910).

8. We can find a dash preceded by a dot (.-) in a text in the following cases:

a) In book headings when the text that follows begins on the same line.


Number of nouns.- In terms of number, nouns in Spanish can

Be singular or plural. The plural is formedadding…

b)In plays, the line preceded by a dot is written between the character's name and her intervention

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