Through our literary article today, you will be able to learn about the biography and work of the Romanian writer Herta Müller, winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature in 2009.
Herta Müller was born in the Romanian city of Nitchidorf, on August 17, 1953. She would grow up in a family belonging to the ethnic minority called Danube Swabians. Her father would serve in the Waffen-SS with the Nazis, and her mother spent a few years in a Sovietlabor camp
ella She would attend high school in Timisoara, and later she would study Germanic and Romanian Philology at the university in that city. Upon finishing her university studies, she would start working as a translator, from which she was fired shortly after for not cooperating with the secret services of theRomanian regime, called Securitatea Statului.
she From then on she would start working as a teacher in a nursery school and start collaborating with the Banat Action Group. This political group was made up of different writers and personalities from the world of culture, including her future husband, Richard Wagner.
In the year 1982 she would launch her literary career by publishing her first work, a collection of short stories titled“Niederungen”(In the Lowlands). She would follow this first work with “Drückender Tango” (oppressive tango). In both works she talks about the situation of theRomanian people as a result of the repression of the dictatorial Ceausescu regime. After the publication of both works he achieves great success and makes a niche for himself in the difficult world of literature
Later he publishes “Man is a great pheasant in the world”, and “Barfüβiger Februar”, from 1986 and 1987 respectively. During this time Herta Müller begins to be persecuted and harassed by the Ceausescu regime. Her government prohibits her publications and her works, and even makes different statements about her defining her as:
“an author of lies who writes in a discriminatory, morally and religiously indecent manner.”
After this persecution, the writer decides to leave the country and settles in Germany. But far from finding peace of mind, the Romanian government continues to harass her and those around her, even leading to the murder of a friend of hers.
In Germany she would publish her first novel in 1989, en titled “Reisende auf einem Bein”, in which she recounts her journey and her arrival in the Bavarian country. This would be followed by other works such as “The fox's skin”, from 1992, or “The beast of the heart”, from 1994. In these works he continues to deal with the subject of the Romanian regime and the persecution carried out by the Securitatea Statului.Ella
ella In Germany she would continue studying at different universities and in 1995 she would become part of the German Academy of Oratory and Literature in Darmstadt. Her works have been characterized by her defense ofminoritiesand her fight against the repression thatsuffer from different dictatorial regimes.
In the year 2009 she would publish her novel“Everything I have I carry with me”and she would be awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature