Today we dedicate this space to the writer William Shakespeare, probably the most important and well-known author of English-language literature. He was born on the twenty-sixth of April in the year 1564in a small town called Stratford-upon-Avonsituated in the county of Warwickshire in the United Kingdom. Around the year 1590 he moved to London, where there was already a great theatrical tradition, and it is there that Shakespeare is shown in all his splendor. In the year 1599 his theatrical company inaugurated the theater The Globe, located on the outskirts of the London city, and in 1609 he was already able to represent his works in a covered theater called Blackfriars. In the year 1610, when Shakespeare was forty-six years old, he decides to return to retirement and the peace that his native town offers him, a place where he owned a house where he would write in 1612 the last his work The Tempest. Generally, the twenty-third day of April of the year 1616 is designated as the day this excellent playwright died, but if we stick to reality we have to say that the date of his death is, for the Gregorian calendar, on May 3 of the same year.
Shakespeare develops his masterful work in about twenty years. Throughout these years the existence of aevolutionin his theatrical pieces is evident, but we have to say that the quality of his works is superb sincethe first moment. It is known by all that William Shakespeare was a talented author, and he was so talented that even some aspects that could be revealed as defects in his theater, such as the scarcity of sets or the non-physical presence of women in his works become an extraordinary theatrical world.
Two of the indelible characteristics of this author's plays are the magnificentcharacterization of the characters, as well as the dramatic effect that he increasingly achieves in each of them. In this way, in the works The Merchant of Venice, As You Like It and The Merry Wives of Windsor he already shows some outstandingly constructed characters, even in characters with a comical vis. In the play Julius Caesar, in the character of Brutus, we see how the author's ability to create characters increases considerably. In the play Tempest of King Lear, we find in the figure of King Lear the maturity of Shakespearean characters.
His dramatic work can be divided intothree stagestaking into account its date of composition, even if it is approximate:
First stage: 1590-1599
During this period, Shakespeare laid the foundations for his dramatic production and wrote the following works:
Year 1590: Pericles, Prince of Tire and Henry VI (Part One).
Year 1591: Henry VI (part two and three).
Year 1592: The Comedy of Errors and Love's Labors Lost.
Year 1593: Richard IIand Richard III.
Year 1594: A Midsummer Night's Dream.
Year 1596: The Taming of the Brave and Romeo and Juliet.
Year 1597: The Merchant of Venice and Henry IV (Part One).
Year 1598: Henry IV (part two) The life and death of King John and To a good end there is no beginning.
Year 1599: Henry V and As You Like It.
Second stage: 1600-1609
This is the time of fullness and maturity of the writer's work and he writes:
Year 1600: Much Ado About Nothing and Hamlet.
Year 1601: The Merry Wives of Windsor.
Year 1602: Troilus and Cressida.
Year 1603: Henry VIII and Measure for Measure.
Year 1604: Othello.
Year 1605: King Lear.
Year 1606: Macbeth.
Year 1607: Julius Caesar.
Year 1608: Antony and Cleopatra.
Year 1609: Cymbeline.
Third stage: 1610-1613
Where the themes of his works become more pleasant and pleasant. He writes:
Year 1610: Coriolanus and Timon of Athens.
Year 1611: The Winter's Tale.
Year 1612: The Tempest.