Through our literary article today, you will be able to learn about the biography and professional career of the British writer and poet Rudyard Kipling, recognized for his great children's stories and his controversial ideas about Western imperialism.
Joseph Rudyard Kipling was born in Bombay, India, on December 30, 1865. His parents, Alice Kipling and John Lockwood Kipling, sent our protagonist to England with only six years. There he would begin studying at the United Services College of Westward Ho, in the city of Devonshire. This would be one of the darkest stages of his life, since he would be subjected to continuousmistreatment, both physical and psychological, due to the strict education of the time.
In 1882 he would return to India, where he would start working as a journalist for several newspapers, such as “The Lahore Civil and Military Gazette”, or “The Pioneer”, in which I would start writing some stories.
he would begin his literary career when he turned 21, following the publication of “Departmental Ditties”, a book of verse set in civilian and military life in the barracks of colonial India. A year later he would publish "Tales from the Hills", a book in which he also compiled several stories. At the end of this decade of the 1880s, he would publishsix storiesthat would give him a certain prestige, “Three soldiers”, “Under the deodaras cedars”,“The Phantom Rickshaw”, “The Gadsby Story”, “Black and White” and “Little William Winkie”.
Some time later, in the early 1890s, he would begin a series of trips that would take him to Japan and the United States, where he would marry Caroline Balestier in 1892. A year later they moved to England, where they settled permanently.
During this time, he would publish some of his most important works, such as “The light that goes out”, a novel published in 1891, “Ballads of the barracks”, from 1892, “The Five Nations”, from 1893, “Various Inventions”, from the same year, “Intrepid Captains”, from 1897, as well as “The Jungle Book”, a novel published in 1894, in which he tells how a little Hindu boy, after getting lost in the jungle, is taken in and raised by a family of wolves. "The Jungle Book", which we will discuss in a future article, has become one of the most important novels in the children's genre.
Later he would publish a series of works dedicated to the children's genre, including “kim”, published in 1901, “Stories for children”, published a year later, “Puck”, dated 1906, or “Rewards and fairies”, dated 1910.
During World War I he would contribute to the Los Angeles Times as a war reporter. Among his last works we can highlight “Debits and Credit”, from 1826, or “Limit and Renewals”, from 1932.
In 1907 he would become the first English-language writer to be awarded theNobel Prizeof Literature. In 1926 she would receive the gold medal from the Royal Society of Literature.
Rudyard Kipling died in London on January 18, 1936.