The vast majority of the remains of the civilization of Ancient Egypt have come to us from the great necropolis of the city of Thebes, on the west bank of the Nile River, facing Luxor, where the magnificent temple of the same name is located.
Egyptian Tombs of the Valley of the Queens
Within this great necropolis, in its southernmost area is the so-called Valley of the Queens, where more than a hundred tombs excavated in the city itself are preserved stone. In this location, pharaohs of different dynasties decided to bury both their wives and other members of their family. Among all these tombs there is one that stands out especially for the pictorial mural set that is safeguarded inside. It is the Tomb of Queen Nefertari. However, although it is the tomb where the most paintings have been found, it is not the only one that preserves them.
The set of the tombs of the Valley of the Queens, has not only provided magnificent works of art. At the same time, material remains of enormous importance have been found to understand the society and working methods of the Egypt of the pharaohs.
In the heart of the valley, a village has been discovered where the workers who took part in the construction of this funerary complex lived. And of course among the remainsArchaeological sites have revealed many of the implements and tools used by these workers in their tasks, thanks to which historians have been able to investigate the working techniques of the time, both in the constructive and decorative fields.
That is why it is known that the first task to be carried out was the choice of the specific place to excavate each of the tombs. After that, the architects carried out the design of the tomb, adjusting at all times to the artistic and stylistic models established in their time, as well as it was very important to adjust to the formal requirements of the rank of each of the characters that had to be buried..
The architect acted as a true construction manager, being in it almost constantly. In other words, he was both the one who conceived the design of the tomb and the one who controlled the work of the workers as a foreman. Some workers who were organized into groups specialized in different tasks, such as choosing the stones to use, carving them later, making sculptures and reliefs or painting the walls of the tombs. And within this that work, those hardest tasks and also the least rewarding were the work of the slaves.
Keep in mind that these are not constructions, but underground excavations. For this reason, the different types of jobs overlapped each other. Thus, while excavation continues in the deepest areas of the tomb thanks to a type of torch in which s alt was used to eliminate smoke. In the already excavated areas closest to theentrance, the bas-reliefs were already made, which were later colored by the painters.
These walls were prepared to be decorated with a smoothing based on clay and limestone, to which a thin layer of plaster was then applied that facilitated the work of those painters. These artists created decorative representations always with a religious theme, both with figures and hieroglyphs, inscriptions or divine invocations.