The well-known Westminster Abbey, which should not be confused with Westminster Cathedral, also located in the city of London but dedicated to Christian worship and not to Anglican worship, is one of the most characteristic monuments of the city of London and Curiously, it is also part of the French Gothic aesthetic. It is one of the buildings that is most visited annually in all of England and its master not only has to do with its magnificent architecture but also, the abbey has become one of the flagships of London society acting as much aspantheon of some of the most outstanding writers or scientists as a place of coronation linked since ancient times to the English monarchy.
It seems that the place chosen for its construction was occupied in the seventh century, around the year 616, by a small sanctuary that had been built to commemorate the appearance of Saint Peter to a humble fisherman in what was later it became known as Thorney Island. Despite everything, historians have certainly not been able to document the presence of this ancient sanctuary and the first known data on the building places it between 1045 or 1050 when the monarch Edward the Confessor had the abbey built to make up for a vow he had broken. Of this first building, which was built in the Romanesque style, there are hardly any remains since it was modified in the 13th century to build a newGothic construction.
The works began in 1245 paid for by the monarch Henry III who intended to build one of the most beautiful Gothic buildings in all of Europe, competing with the constructions of the famous French cathedrals; In this sense, the monarch commissioned the construction of Westminster Abbey to the architect Enrique de Reyns. He designed a large abbey with a Latin cross floor plan, polygonal apse and three naves, of which the central one stands out since, moving away from traditional canons, it is especially narrow and vertical, further accentuating the verticality of the building.
The height of the building exceeds thirty-two meters and if this in itself was already a great innovation in English architecture, Enrique de Reyns included in the building some aspects that had only been incorporated in the great French cathedrals such as the tracery in the area of the tribune or the rosettes incorporated in the arms of the transept and not only at the foot of the building. In this way the Cathedral of Westminster has its best precedent in the French Cathedral of Reims.