San Lucas painting the Virgin of Mabuse

San Lucas painting the Virgin of Mabuse
San Lucas painting the Virgin of Mabuse
Anonim

Mabuse was a 15th and 16th century Flemish painter on horseback about whom there are numerous unknowns about his biography, beginning with his own real name, since according to various historians could have been called Jan Gossaert, Jenni Gossart or Jennyn van Hennegouwe, since with the latter name she joined the Saint Luke's Guild, which brought together the painters of the Belgian city of Antwerp. Although the truth is that he adopted Mabuse as his artistic name, alluding to his birthplace, Maubeuge, around the year 1478.

Saint Luke painting the Virgin of Mabuse

San Lucas painting the Virgin of Mabuse

The fact is that here we contemplate his work en titled San Lucas painting the Virgin, made around the year 1515. In it he presents us with Saint John the Evangelist portraying the Virgin with the Child, and it is that according to legend this apostle had as a trade that of painter. That is why it is not strange that many painters' guilds, such as the one mentioned in Antwerp, have him as a patron.

Mabuse's style is that of an artist who is already familiar with Italian Renaissance paintings, although the baggage of the Flemish painting tradition is unquestionable , since for example these figures can be logically related to those of Jan van Eyck, as for example with his oil painting of the Virgin by Canon Van der Paele.

However, the setting of the scene is completelydifferent. Starting with the architecture itself that it presents to us, which is fairly classic in style. And the same thing happens with his approach to perspective, which undoubtedly drinks from Italian sources, which with painters such as Piero della Francesca had made incredible advances in this field.

The truth is that his painting is of an unquestionable quality, and shows how he has assimilated the treatment of light and shadow from the influences of southern Europe, resulting in a quite charming set. However, it lacks the Italian harmony, and for example, its ostentatious and classic architectural setting does not seem to fit at all with the theme that it presents to us. Although it is also true that at that time that architectural setting began to be common in many Flemish painters, such as in Rogier van der Weyden, who also painted a picture of Saint Luke painting the Virgin.

All in all, Mabuse's enormous work shows that he was a very hard-working and conscientious painter, despite the fact that there are critics of the time that describe him as a drunk. Although the high number of pictures that he made and the quality of him to deny that alleged alcoholism. He was also a character who traveled a lot, hence he knew the work of many artists, and his painting is a synthesis between the art of Flemish roots and the influences of Italian art of the Quattrocento and early 16th century.

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