This residence located in the vicinity of the city of Charlottesville, in the state of Virginia of the United States, at its value Its artistic value adds to its historical importance, since it is a building designed by Thomas Jefferson (1743 – 1826). Jefferson was the third president of the United States, between 1801 and 1809, and is considered one of the Founding Fathers since he participated in the Declaration of Independence and in the drafting of theUnited States Constitution.
Thomas Jefferson's Monticello
Actually, Jefferson was a very peculiar character with a multitude of interests. He stood out not only as a politician and architect, but also as a philosopher, inventor, naturalist, lawyer and writer. From the point of view of his architectural work, he is a creator clearly inspired by the most rigidneoclassical normsof his time. In fact, he traveled to Europe as a political delegate and there he saw this type of work first-hand, and applied it to his constructions, both to this Villa de Monticello, which was actually his residence, as well as other constructions he designed in the state of Virginia, such as the dome of the Richmond Capitol or in various areas of the University of Virginia, of which he was one of its main promoters.
This house he built on highon a hill, on a large farm where hundreds of slaves worked. Construction began in 1768, and two years later it was installed in the south pavilion. By then the work had a clear reminiscence towards the Renaissance architecture of Palladio, author of the famous Villa Rotonda. Years later and after a long trip through Europe in 1784, he enlarged it, in fact the works were maintained until 1809 when, already being the president, the dome was built.
The result is a neoclassical building in the tradition of the country's Georgian colonial architecture. Currently, it is the only residence in the United States that is listed as World Heritage Site by UNESCO, making it one of the great monuments in the country, and it can be visited. In fact, today Monticello, is owned by the Thomas Jefferson Foundation, and since its builder and first occupant died, the building it has gone through several owners and various legal conflicts.
However, today it is a Historic Site of the first order, and visitors can admire its architecture, its extremely well-kept gardens, and some of the rooms of the house in its ground floor. Where you can also see, in addition to the typical furniture of the time, some of the artifacts invented by this peculiar character that was Thomas Jefferson.