The Lloyds building in the financial center of London is one of the most significant examples of the architectural avant-garde applied to the field of architecture. Starting in the 19th and 20th centuries, new artistic conceptions revolutionized the field of painting and sculpture. The change in architecture took longer over time, but its repercussions are much more significant. After the incorporation of the new construction materials, the evolution of architecture had come to a standstill, the innovations carried out in this field were still important, but none of them were so spectacular.
In this context appeared in the seventies a couple of architects who revolutionized architectural aesthetics and introduced the concept of Hight Tech, Renzo Piano and Richard Rogers who with their design of the Art Center Pompidou in Paris elevated all those architectural and supporting elements that made up the building to the category of decorative elements. Rogers then became one of the most representative figures in the field of architecture, so it is not surprising that at the end of that same decade, around the year 1978, one of the most important shipping insurers in all of London, the Lloyds company, commissioned him to build its new headquarters in central London.
It was a task of special importance not only because of thelocation of the construction –the price of land in the financial center of London is extremely expensive and one of the most valued- but because the commission itself is about erecting three complementary buildings, two of which will serve as offices and a third as a naval registry.
On a trapezoidal-shaped site, the architect designs a building with a rectangular plan and the free space on the plot is occupied by a set of six towers which house the elevators. In the spatial configuration of the building, a large central atrium stands out that serves as a modular element of the entire space as if it were the courtyard of a Renaissance palace.
In the building there are a total of fourteen floors over sixty meters high, but what really draws the attention of this unique construction is its exterior structure. In it, the architect has chosen to leave each of the constructive elements that make up the building visible to the viewer in such a way that what the architects try to hide under the Rogers cladding has been brought to light as if it were a decorative element; many critics have described this conception as baroque as it is a facade overloaded with decoration.
In the LLoyds building Richard Rogers has managed to recreate an illusion in which each one of the elements seems to overlap the others, as if they were pieces of a children's game but also with his exhibition, the artist has managed grant toset of a feeling of weightlessness.