The Modernism of Mongió

The Modernism of Mongió
The Modernism of Mongió

Pablo Mongió (1865 – 1956) was born in Tarragona, Catalonia, and although he left some of his works in his native land, the truth is that his great works can be found in the city of Teruel, in the Autonomous Community of Aragón. There he designed and erected buildings with different uses and characteristics, but all of them become excellent examples of how Modernism at the beginning of the 20th century not only occurred in Barcelona , and that there were more architects apart from the great Antoni Gaudí and his wonderful creations with La Sagrada Familia at the head, carrying out works of this artistic style in different places ofSpain.

In Teruel, Mongió carried out everything from schools like the one in Arrabal to interventions in historical heritage like in itself Cathedral of Teruel. However, his masterpieces are residential buildings located in the very center of Teruel's capital.

House Ferran de Mongio

Casa Ferrán de Mongió

One of them is the Casa Ferrán. A work that he carried out in 1910. One of the characteristics of this building is that its structural elements are completely visible on its façade, specifically the iron pillars that become part of the decoration.

This Casa Ferrán had its first floor for the business of the owner family. In its left part raised a coverrichly ornamented with its characteristic undulating rhythm, called "whip stroke", to which it adds decoration of a vegetal nature, which gives it a very organic air to the whole. On that cover everything is unified, even the oculus. While on the upper floors it presents us with an asymmetric viewpoint, finished off with an eaves. In fact, the highlight of the whole ensemble is the asymmetry with which it was conceived and, above all, its ornamental elements.

And very close by is another of Pablo Mongió's best-known works. The Casa Tejidos el Torico, located in the Plaza del Torico itself, which is the heart of the city. It is a building that he built two years after the aforementioned Casa Ferrán. That is, in 1912.

El Torico Fabrics House

El Torico Fabric House

For this private house, he took into account the urban environment where it was going to be built. Hence his somewhat historicist air, albeit completely transformed and reinterpreted by his modernist ideas. In this line, the domed tower that culminates the façade is understood, which would be an element that would recall Islamic architecture. Do not forget that in Teruel you can see some of the greatest exponents of Mudejar architecture, which are considered World Heritage by UNESCO, as is the case with certain parts of the Teruel Cathedral.

But in addition to them, the façade of the Casa Tejidos el Torico is very lively, since the architect proposed a series ofvisual games for which he used structural and ornamental elements. One of the clearest is seeing how on the second floor there are some columns that actually serve as supports for the windows on the third floor, playing between the lobed openings of the second like the ovals with mullions on the third.

Popular topic