Mycenaean Tombs

Mycenaean Tombs
Mycenaean Tombs
Anonim

Traditionally we can understand the Greek world as one of the most splendid and consecrated cultures of all time and perhaps that is the way it is shown by the vast legacy that the Greeks have left us. However, the flourishing of this civilization has great influence from pre-Hellenic cultures, that is, from the peoples who inhabited the Aegean islands before the Greeks. In this sense we must point out how the Mycenaean civilization is one of the great sources of inspiration from which the Greeks drank and not only that, but one of the most advanced cultures of its time.

treasury-atreus-mycenae

The Achaeans dominated the territory of the Peloponnese and established a powerful civilization in the area of ​​which some remains are still preserved today, and although it is true that often the information about this civilization is confusing and unclear, archaeological and documentary sources tell us about its power and splendor.

Many tombs and burials have been found from this period, but perhaps the most important are the tombs known as Circles A and B. The excavations carried out in the 19th century by the archaeologist Schliemman in the Círculo B are perhaps the ones that have provided us with the most information, since with them it has been possible to determine the construction technique of these joint burials; in a deep trench of about five meters of excavated earth they were placed inthe walls were rows of well devastated stones or even brick, while the floor was covered with irregular rhinestones in the form of pebbles or rolled stones. The body of the deceased was deposited on this bed of rocks, as well as the multiple valuables that made up the funerary trousseau. Finally, the excavation was covered by large logs of wood and earth on top and crowned with a funerary stela that indicated the family to which the deceased belonged.

The tombs used to be located outside the city walls, however in the case of Circle A it must have been incorporated into the city with the successive extensions that were carried out. In this Circle, six concentric pits have been found whose stone walls were later reinforced with a double limestone facing.

But if there is a tomb that stands out from the others in the Mycenaean culture, it is the one known as Tomb of Agamemnon or the Treasury of Atreus, it is a circular tomb, of the tholos type that incorporates the traditional Mycenaean corridor, a kind of corridor or corridor that serves as a preamble to the main chamber. This was a circular space with large courses of stone joined to bone and without mortar and a false dome that served as an enclosure. This tomb was so prominent that even during its time you could visit it and make offerings. The interior space of the tomb was decorated with metal plates that are not preserved today.

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