Without a doubt, the Basque sculptor Eduardo Chillida (1924 – 2002) is one of the greatest sculpture artists of the second half of the 20th century worldwide. And despite his enormous international prestige, many of his masterpieces were made in Spain, as is the case of the great sculpture Praise to the horizon of the city of Gijónor one of his great creations El Peine de los Vientos, located in San Sebastián, the capital of his Guipúzcoa natal.
The Comb of the Winds of Chillida
Coincidentally these two works cited have a lot in common. Both are a creation that have a lot of art, but also landscaping and even urban planning. Since the two only make sense in their specific location, because their relationship with the environment is absolute. And in both cases this environment has a total role in the waters of the Cantabrian Sea.
However, there are also differences. And one of them is the material, because while in the Asturian work concrete was used, in the Basque one I use his most beloved material: iron. In fact, that metal relates him to one of the most outstanding Spanish sculptors of the first avant-garde: Julio González.
Specifically, Eduardo Chillida made the Comb of the Winds in 1977, and with it he not only alludes to the literal meaning of the title of the work, which is evident. Otherwisethat there is much more to this work.
It is a good example of the very spiritual attitude that Chillida adopted on many occasions. With works like this, he seeks a new and positive energy that changes the world. His idea is that these sculptures on the rocks are capable of capturing cosmic energy.
Integrate perfectly those iron forms in their environment, facing the sea and on the rocks. Some irons that are whipped by the sea, the foam, the wind and the constant humidity, that is to say, some irons that will degrade. But Chillida already has that degradation, and the truth is that he conceives them with rust and deterioration, as part of the passage of time.
Of course, they may capture cosmic energy, but the clearest and most vibrant interpretation is that they are artistic witnesses to the awesome power of Nature's forces. Forces that the work confronts with its aggressive forms, its rough finish and its enormous size.
And the truth is that although at first this type of art was not exempt from some controversy and misunderstanding, the truth is that today the Comb of the Winds is one of the most emblematic and recognizable images from the city of San Sebastian. So much so that it has become a true symbol of the city and one of its most touristic images.