The city of Turin as well as its history and architecture have been closely linked to the Savoy family. In fact, this city in the Piedmont region of Italy was chosen by the most prominent members of the Savoy family as the capital of their domains between the 12th and 19th centuries. This long extension of time meant that throughout the entire region there were important constructions commissioned by the royal family that were built according to the stylistic trends of each era and that today are known as the Residences of the House of Savoy and are part of the UNESCO World Heritage List.
But without a doubt of all these monuments the most noteworthy is the Royal Palace installed in the center of the capital, in Plaza Castello. According to documentary sources found in this regard, the current construction was not the primitive palace that the Savoys chose to install their headquarters, but rather it has emerged after a series of modifications.
The original palace was a lavish episcopal palace that was expropriated by Manuel Filiberto de Saboya to turn it into his personal residence, this decision not only modified the physiognomy of the Castello square where the palace was located, but also the of the whole city. Despite its magnificence, the palace was located within the limits of the city wall, which meant that in the event of an attack onTurin, this one was particularly vulnerable. For this reason, the king of Piedmont had part of the city wall demolished and other buildings built around his palace.
However, the real construction work that gave the Royal Palace its most current appearance took place in the 17th and 18th centuries; at this time the palace was adapted to the needs of the queen regent Cristina of France with architects such as Carlo and Amadeo Castellamonte in the following century commissioned by the heir Carlos Manuel, Francisco Juvara.
On the outside, the palace breaks with the convictions of the baroque aesthetics of its time, rather the opposite, since on the main façade we find a classicist building with sober decoration symmetrically placed rectangular openings. In the same way, the two wings of the building are also symmetrical and the horizontal harmony is only broken by the enormous dome of the Chapel of the Holy Shroud in the vicinity of the palace.
Inside the palace is dominated by the beauty of its decoration and furniture, each of the elements is carefully thought out and some of the most famous architects and painters of the time such as Dauphin, Duprá or Mura. Special attention requires rooms such as the well-known Chinese Room which is the work of Beaumont or the Great Gallery in which the frescoes made by the painter Damiel Seyter are preserved in addition to the great stepladder that he designed Juvara in a display of masterytechnique.