Seated statue of Sesostris I

Seated statue of Sesostris I
Seated statue of Sesostris I

There are several sculptural works that have survived to this day and are identified with Pharaoh Sesostris I (1971 – 1926 BC), a ruler son ofAmememhat I and part of the Dynasty XII.

Specifically, this sculpture that we show here presents him in the typical seated posture. A work believed to have been made in approximately 1940 BC in white limestone to be placed in the licht mortuary temple, although the figure is kept inCairo Egyptian Museum. In fact, a large set of seated sculptures of this pharaoh is preserved.

Statue of Sesostris I

Sesostris Statue I

In addition to the statue itself, there are several reliefs on the pharaoh's throne that recount some episodes of his life.

It is a slender figure, less geometric than other older Egyptian works, such as the statues representing pharaohs such as Khafre, also in a seated statue, or Mikerinos, in this case in a triple portrait. It is easy to compare the differences between all these works and see the artistic evolution that takes place in pharaonic Egypt, because all these works are exhibited in the same museum in the country's capital.

Another difference is that attempts have been made to give Sesostris I expressiveness in his face, with the pretense that his and his featureshis gesture transmit kindness, but at the same time responsibility and the energy necessary to govern.

That is achieved with a face carved from the generation of quite simplified planes and very accentuated volumes. And as a result, it gives us a severe mouth, very prominent cheekbones, large ears and the typical almond-shaped eyes of Egyptian portraiture.

Other times this pharaoh is depicted in a standing posture. And in those cases he usually appears wearing the crowns that identify him asKing of Lower and Upper Egypt. But in reality, the same conventions can be observed between them both in position and in clothing, which is always ritual and full of meaning.

Statue of Sesostris I in wood

Sesostris I statue in wood

And even one of the works that we have that represent this pharaoh is made of cedar wood, and even retains its color. Obviously, polychrome wood has withstood the passage of four millennia is a true miracle, although it is not the only case of Egyptian statues in this material that we can enjoy today, some even older as is the case of the figure of Cheik El Beled or The Town Mayor.

And lastly, we must also mention a work in which he appears represented on a colossal scale, and this time he appears as a character willing to fight his enemies, in a facet typical of the pharaohs that in those casesthey had to show themselves as ruthless sovereigns.

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