Paris Vendôme Column

Paris Vendôme Column
Paris Vendôme Column
Anonim

This Vendôme Column in Paris is a work that can be placed in two sections of Neoclassical art at the same time. On the one hand, it could be classified as architecture since it is a column, that is to say, an element of that artistic discipline, and it is also a column of more than considerable dimensions, since it reaches 44 meters in height with a diameter of 3, 60 cm. However, columns in architecture are basically supporting elements, and in this case it is evident that they support absolutely nothing.

Vendome Column

Vendome Column

In fact, for the only one that serves as a support is for a long sculptural relief in all its shaft. And besides, all of it is like a disproportionate podium for the figure that appears at its highest point. That is why it can also be cataloged in the section of the neoclassical sculpture.

The work occupies the center of the square of the same name, Place Vendôme, in the center of Paris. Years before the column was erected, there was an equestrian statue of King Louis XIV of France in this square and on the same site. However, that effigy of the Sun King was demolished during the episodes of the French Revolution.

But later,Napoleon Bonapartedecided that this was an ideal place to erect a monument in memory of one of his greatest military glories, thefamous Battle of Austerlitz. That is why he had the Vendôme Column built here, which, like many of his other works, found inspiration inImperial Rome. In this case it is evident that it is based on the Trajan Column of several centuries before. Like other Napoleonic buildings scattered around the city such as La Madeleine or the Arcos du Carrousel or Arcos de la Estrella, they also have their own references in classical Roman architecture.

The Column was built between 1806 and 1810, and was inaugurated precisely on the Emperor's birthday, since it was above all a work in his honor. Along its entire route, and in an ascending direction, episodes of the Battle of Austerlitz, which took place in 1805, were carved, and for this purpose the bronze sheet melted with the bronze of the cannons requisitioned from the defeated armies of the Tsar of Russia and the Emperor of Austria.

Napoleon statue

Napoleon Statue

Originally the culmination of the culture was a sculpture, obviously of Bonaparte, who in this case would be dressed in an old-fashioned outfit, practically disguised as a Roman Caesar. That sculpture remains today, although for a time, curiously under the government of Napoleon III, it was removed from that place.

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