Church of San Sadurní de Tavérnoles

Church of San Sadurní de Tavérnoles
Church of San Sadurní de Tavérnoles

Actually, what is preserved in the Catalan town of Anserall, in the province of Lleida, is part of the church that in turn belonged to a monastery of the order this area of ​​the county of Alt Urgell is very important Benedictine. Although the history of this monastery was very long, since it is estimated that it was originally a Visigothic construction.

Saint Sadurní of Tavernoles

San Sadurní de Tavernoles

The works on this monument, both related to its consolidation and restoration, as well as to the research on it, continue at present, so it may possibly give more surprises in the future.

There are parts of the church that have been restored, while others remain in a state of ruin, although consolidated, to give us an idea of ​​how this First Romanesque temple could have come to bethought to be consecrated around the year 1040.

The most interesting thing is its plant and certain decorative motifs that have survived to this day. For example, in the head of the church formulas based on the number three seem to be repeated, although playing with different sizes.

The apse is trinconque in shape, but the main altar appears to us as ultra-semicircular on the outside and is divided into three lobes, repeating the previous scheme to scale.

This apse is thought to speak to us of the very origins of the monastery, andCuriously, it is oriented towards the west, when as a general rule they have an orientation towards the east. Just as the reconstruction of the naves has remained, it is known that it had three naves due to the presence of the pillars and the arches.

San Sadurní de Tavernoles (unreconstructed area)

San Sadurní de Tavernoles (unreconstructed area)

It is also interesting to see how a circular base for the primitive cylindrical bell tower is preserved. While it would have a cloister on the southern or southern side, of which no trace has been preserved, except for a documentary reference that describes it as the twin of the Cathedral of Santa María de Urgell.

Another interesting detail can be seen on the western wall of the southern arm of the transept. There, almost miraculously, part of its stucco decoration has been preserved. Thus we see a large rectangle, framed by plant motifs.

It is a type of decoration that has raised two problems for researchers. On the one hand, the abundance of the figurative is truly surprising, which both in this case and in other Catalan works is much more developed compared to other contemporary works carried out in different places. Something that we know from the documentation, since the delicacy of a material such as stucco has meant that not too many remains have reached our days.

And of course, the two problems that arise, is why had such development been achieved in towns as remote as theof the Catalan Pyrenees? And also, what was that degree of development?

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