Million Year House

Million Year House
Million Year House
Anonim

Now that Egyptian art is back in vogue due to the latest discoveries around the mysterious tomb of Tutankhamun, it is worth turning your eyes towards the banks of the Nile where a group of temples built by different pharaohs are grouped they are known as The Million Year House.

During the 18th, 19th and 20th Dynasties, the various pharaohs erected in the area of ​​Thebes different temples that were located on the western bank of the Nile. The temples found here are not they do not have a funerary character but rather a religious one since we cannot forget that in the Egyptian culture, the pharaoh became a divinity from the moment he died. In addition and as in the temples of ancient Greece, Egypt did not conceive the temple as a place for the faithful, the temples are the dwelling of the gods and as such their access was prohibited for the faithful, only the priests could cross its walls to serve the divinities while the rest of the mortals limited themselves to delivering offerings and attending the celebrations that take place outside.

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In this context we must point out how the oldest temple of those belonging to the House of the Million Years is the Temple of Amenhotep I, built during the 18th dynasty and of whose primitive appearance hardly anything remains since it was rebuilt and modified in timesby Hatshepsut and Thutmose III.

Amenophis III built what would be the most outstanding temple of the entire complex known as the Amenophium. It is a gigantic temple with large patios and avenues whose access was preceded by three pylons flanked by large statues of the pharaoh. According to documentary sources in the year 27 B.C. a terrible earthquake destroyed the temple of Amenophis, of which only two of the sculptures that flanked the first pylon survived and that today are known as The Colossi of Memnon.

Later one of the most powerful women of ancient Egypt,Queen Hatshepsut, erected a new type of terraced templethat would establish the new parameters of the architecture of her time. The temple is organized in terraces, nestled in a rocky mountain as if it were part of the same natural landscape. It is one of the most significant buildings of its time and according to the documentary sources found in this regard, it was built by the architect Senenmut.

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In the area of ​​Gurna was the house of Seti I, of which a part was dedicated to Ramses I, his father, since his temple had not yet been completed. The Ramesseum or House of Ramses II is the temple par excellence of its time, marking the style of what is known as the New Kingdom. Within this set of temples we must also mention the Temple of Ramses III, which in an attempt to match the Ramesseum orderedbuild a temple that followed the same stylistic canons as this one.

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