This is one of the great geoglyphs left to us by the Nazca culture in Peru. And that, without a doubt, constitute one of the great enigmas of the American continent, both from the pre-Columbian era and after the Discovery of 1492.
Nazca geoglyph in the shape of a hummingbird
El hummingbird is just one of these geoglyphs but along the plateaus of the Palpa and Ingenio rivers, many others appear. This whole set is called the Nazca Lines and it presents us with natural elements such as this bird, or spiders, or monkeys.
Up to here everything could seem normal. However, the problem is the scale since some of these representations engraved flat on the ground (geo-land, glyph-writing) can reach up to a kilometer in length. That is, it is impossible to see them from the field itself. Its shape can only be seen from above. And in this flat landscape, there are no mountains, not even hills to allow such observation.
It's also strange how these images are created. They removed the stones and the first layers at ground level from the ground, which was a reddish-brown tone, while the subsoil that remained visible, as it had not been eroded by meteorological agents, was of a lighter color. This gives for another mystery. How after so much time, do those contrasting tones remain?
And there ismore questions. How can these straight and regular forms be traced, if at no time can the whole be seen? The researchers think that they made sketches to scale, and then through mathematical calculations they moved them to the ground thanks to the placement of strings that marked how to follow the layout.
As for its meaning, there are two theories, which obviously have not been confirmed for sure, since it is totally impossible.
One of these explanations says that they would be astrological representations, a kind of nazca zodiac, since relationships with solstices, equinoxes, etc. have been found. However, there is another theory that does not understand them in that sense, and it is thought that they would be the tracing of ritual paths. Some routes to take during certain ceremonies.
These are the theories that make the most sense, but there are many others, including the presence of aliens and the like. And it is that in reality, it is very difficult to understand how the Nazca culture carried out these works. A type of creations that are not from a specific moment, but were made and remade for a long time.