This is the historic seat of government of the state of Virginia in the United States, one of the member states of the Thirteen Colonies that gave rise to the current country.
And as befits a place of such charisma there had to be a building very typical of that founding era after independence from Great Britain, it is a very tasteful construction neoclassical. An official work that was built between 1785 and 1796, and its creator was none other than the president of the United States himself, Thomas Jefferson (1743 – 1826) years later..
Richmond, Virginia Capitol
In fact, before being president, Jefferson was one of the men who brought the ideas of the Enlightenment to his country, reflected them in writings and also in different architectural works, various of them in Virginia, such as the village of Monticello, which was his own residence.
Thomas Jefferson was passionate about Ancient and Renaissance architecture, that is, a creator of the age of neoclassical art. Therefore, his artistic influences are easily traceable. In some cases you can see the mark of Andrea Palladio, while in other works such as the Richmond Capitol it is seen that it has basically been inspired by a Roman architecture, specifically in the Maison Carrée ofthe French city of Nimes, even though I used the Ionian order.
This reference is curious, since for this type of government buildings it was much more fashionable to generate them from large domes, as is the case of the Washington Capitol itself, the most emblematic building of all those existing in this online, and that they are really abundant, not only in the United States, but even throughout Latin America.
However, hereJeffersonopted for this interpretation of classical temple architecture, though he did not forget his revered Palladio. In fact, that portico and that all of it is raised on a podium is very much the Italian architect and his villas. Although it must be taken into account that the author only made the central building, while the two lateral bodies that are seen today they are the result of a later addition.
Current Access to Richmond Capitol
However, the greatness of these works by Thomas Jefferson is that, as one of his assistants said, the objective was not to copy the ancients, “but to learn from them how it is possible to submit the rules to the ingenuity. For which it is necessary to remove that mark of servitude and mimicry that disfigures many works.”