Road to Calvary by Simone Martini

Road to Calvary by Simone Martini
Road to Calvary by Simone Martini
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This painting currently in the Louvre Museum in Paris was part of a larger set of panels made by the Italian artist Simone Martini, who although Italian by birth, in Siena specifically around the year 1284, died in the French city of Avignon in the year 1344, approximately.

Way of Calvary by Simone Martini

Road to Calvary by Simone Martini

Specifically, this work of the Camino del Calvario, made with paint on canvas glued to the wood and covered with a layer of plaster, is included within a set of tables with scenes of the life of Christ originating in Dijon but which are currently scattered throughout the museums of Antwerp or Berlin among others.

It is speculated that this whole set will form a portable polyptych of the Passion, since this kind of altars were usual for the trips of religious prelates.

However, regarding this work there are many fascinating questions for historians of Gothic art, both Italian and French. For example, it was initially thought that he would carry out the work in the last phase of his life, already inAvignon, that is, between 1339 and 1344, when Bishop Jacopo would commission him Stefaneschi. However, later studies saw on the back of the talba that the Orsini coat of arms appeared, that is, it would be commissionedsomeone from that other powerful family.

On the other hand, regarding questions of style, there are researchers who would carry out the work in Italy, since they see certain similarities with some works of his countryman and predecessor, Duccio di Bounisegna.

Furthermore, the panels originate from Dijon, and to say Dijon in the 14th century is to speak of the Champmol Charterhouse that the dukes of Burgundy were going to turn into a one of the art meccas of the time. In fact, in this place some of the most splendid works of the so-called International Style of Gothic Art took place, and within that style, without a doubt, Simone Martini is among the greatest exponents with works like his famous Annunciation.

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