Located to the south of Mesopotamia we find the remains of the ancient city of Ur where today it belongs to the city of Iraq, the remains of this primitive city have left us great artistic and historical finds and although it is true that For several years there had been evidence of the existence of the famous city, it was not until the beginning of the 20th century that the first relevant excavations began. In this way and around the year 1920, the English archaeologist Leonard Wooley discovered a set of tombss which he baptized the Royal Tombs of Ur, the excavation works in them lasted for more than sixteen years and with them sixteen tombs from the archaic dynastic period were discovered, which seemed to be encompassed in an even larger funerary enclosure, with a capacity for almost 2500 burials.
Apparently these tombs were made of brick or stone and covered by a simple vault system, in each of the burials we find the mortal remains of a high dignitary as well as a group of soldiers who accompanied them, a good example of this is the Tomb of Queen Puabi, inside which, in addition to the mortal remains of the queen, five armed men and ten women were found. In addition, precious objects appeared in the tombs with which the monarchs were buried, the maidens who accompanied the queen in her burialPuabi carried what are known as Harps of Ur. Musical instruments that were carved in a zoomorphic shape, in this case with the head of a bull. But in the tomb of the queen, the remains of two oxen were also found that were tied to a luxurious cart. Puabi herself was covered in a precious tunic and multiple jewels.
Among the Royal Burials of Ur we can highlight the tomb of A-kalam-dug which was under that of Queen Puabi and connected to it through a passageway but which unfortunately had been looted.
In another of the burials, this time belonging to an unknown character, the bodies of more than seventy women with rich dresses have been found. This fact made experts wonder about the meaning of collective burials in Ur, and while some believe that the monarchs chose a few lucky ones to be buried with them and thus serve them in the afterlife, other experts seem to decline for the fact that the corpses that accompany the monarchs must belong to members of high society who, once deceased, had been transferred there.
Most of the artifacts found in the Royal Tombs of Ur are now in the British Museum in London.