Fabara Mausoleum

Fabara Mausoleum
Fabara Mausoleum
Anonim

This funerary construction located in the Aragonese municipality of Fabara is considered to be the largest mausoleum from Roman times in all of Spain and also the best preserved. Something to keep in mind, since this work is dated in the second half of the 2nd century.

But in addition to its resounding presence on the landscape and its miraculous conservation far from the inhabited nucleus of Fabara, more than a kilometer away, another note that gives it great value is that it is not a funerary monument dedicated to a great character in the history of Roman Hispania. No. Actually, this entire mausoleum was built in homage to a 13-year-old boy, whose name we even know: Lucio Aemilio Lupo, and we also know that his parents paid for its construction, who in turn were called L. Aemilio Prisco and Domitia Severa.

Fabara Mausoleum

Fabara Mausoleum

How do we know so much and so specific data? Logically because of the epigraphic inscriptions in Latin that can be read on the façade of the mausoleum, especially because of two of them.

And regarding its architectural and artistic forms, looking at the work at first glance, it immediately reminds us of an ancient temple, of the in antis type, that is, only with columns in its front part, although this would be practically square, something strange in the temples, and of somewhat small dimensions to be that type of religious buildings, since it has asurface of 7, 40 x 6 meters.

On the main façade its four Tuscan columns stand out, while it has fluted pilasters on the two side façades.

Also striking is the upper Ionic frieze in which you can see different ornamental motifs of a vegetal nature such as rosettes, acanthus leaves and garlands, as well as eagles.

All this regarding the view from the outside, but its interior is also interesting. In it there is a cella and a narrow pronaos, as well as an underground conditorium, a chamber connected to the cella by a staircase, and where the dead man is supposed to have been installed.

The truth is that we are dealing with a small, isolated and unique work, but above all of extraordinary quality in which top-level craftsmen worked, since it is made of perfectly squared sandstone forming ashlars joined by weight, with metal staples and without any type of mortar. And so it has resisted weathering and neglect for almost two millennia.

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