The architecture of the Bauhaus in Tel Aviv

The architecture of the Bauhaus in Tel Aviv
The architecture of the Bauhaus in Tel Aviv
Anonim

The set of Bauhaus architecture in the Israeli city of Tel Aviv is truly impressive, both in quantity and quality. So much so that it is declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

And that profusion of buildings in a style originating in Germany must be sought in the historical development of the German territory and the rise of the Adolf Nazional Socialist Party Hitler in Germany, causing many Jewish architects to leave their native Germany in the 1930s to settle in Israel. Where they arrived with everything they learned there, especially the influences of one of the most influential creators of the moment, W alter Groepius and his Bauhaus school.

Tel Aviv downtown street

Tel Aviv downtown street

Many of these architects settled in the modern city of Tel Aviv, the full growth in those years, so that the authorities took advantage of the arrival of that talent to design the urban planning of the city adapting the modernity of the Bauhaus to climate and territory. In this sense, the predominance of the light colors of the facades, especially white, is understood, in fact Tel Aviv has the nickname of the White City.

However, there are more emblematic architectural features in the city, such as the type of windows that do not favor theheat input or the idea of ​​elevations on pillars to allow air circulation. But you also have to understand that this style was very much in line with the country's historical moment, since in both cases they advocated creating from scratch, and thus some 4,000 buildings were built.

Tel Aviv Bauhaus building

Tel Aviv Bauhaus Building

The most beautiful and best preserved are found on the different streets of the historic center of the city, and especially on Rothschild Boulevard. In this way, walking along this promenade, you can see the basic characteristics that define the Bauhaus movement. It is an architecture in which functionality prevails, where care is taken to economize on materials, and of course everything is inspired by pure lines, even if they are curved as in the balconies.

The set has a clear geometry, and the organization tends towards horizontality, although from time to time some more vertical element serves as a counterpoint. And the decorative details are scarce, and when they exist they have a certain meaning like some circular windows that evoke the boats in which the Jews arrived to settle in the country.

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