Samarkand Registan Square

Samarkand Registan Square
Samarkand Registan Square
Anonim

Samarkand or Samarkand is considered in its historical ensemble as World Heritage Site and there are many monuments that alone deserve that award, such as the Mausoleum of Timur or the Bibi Khanum Mosque, ordered to be built precisely by the wife of that Mughal conqueror. However, there is a monumental complex of incalculable value and incredible beauty. It is the Plaza Registan, whose translation would be something like sand square, but which is actually known because three imposing madrassas are found here in the tradition of the teachings ofQuran.

Samarkand Registan Square

Samarkand Registan Square

Do not forget that Islam arrived in these lands very soon, in fact a cousin of Mahoma brought it,Qusam ibh Abbas, who is also buried in the city, in the Shazi Zinda necropolis. And even the oldest Koran in the world, from the 7th century, is in the Hazrati Imam Mosque, in the city of Tashkent, the capital from Uzbekistan.

In short, a large part of the heritage of the country, and of Samarkand in particular, is Islamic, and this is the case with the three madrassas that stand in this square, that of Ulugh Beg, Sherdar and Tilla-Kari.

Ulug Beg's madrasa, isthe oldest of the complex and is located in the western area of ​​the square. It was built in the 15th century and still bears the name of its builder, Ulugh Beg, who was a prominent Mughal ruler but also had time to study in fields such as astronomy and mathematics. In fact, a characteristic of the decoration of this madrasa is that a wide variety of astronomical motifs can be seen on its tiles. And it is that the world of the stars was the passion of this character, and in the city the astronomical observatory that he had built is still preserved.

Opposite Ulugh Beg's is the Sherdar madrasa, almost as if it were a reflection of the previous one, even if it is a later work, and two centuries separate them. Looking at the facade of the Sherdar madrasa, you can see some elements that powerfully attract attention. It is about two lions that guard the entrance. And this presence of animal beings is extremely strange in the constructions of this religion.

And finally, the madrasa of Tilla-Kari is situated between the previous two, and in this case what most attracts the viewer's attention is the golden tone of its ornamental elements. And it is that in all three cases there is a great waste of color, both in the large domes that are usually the characteristic turquoise color, and in the many mosaics and tiled walls that cover facades and walls, where there is never a lack of green notes, blue, white, yellow and gold.

Popular topic