Apollo Veii

Apollo Veii
Apollo Veii

For many years the Mediterranean basin was a true cultural hotbed where the different peoples came into contact with each other, shedding great influences. In this way it seems logical to think how in the world of art some of the characteristics cultivated by some of them are present in works executed by others, thus, for example, the work that we analyze here is an Etruscan sculpture but in it we can also find some characteristics of the sculptural works of Greek style.

On this occasion we find ourselves before a free-standing sculpture known as Apollo Veii but although now we analyze it individually in origin it must have been an even larger sculptural group that represented a of the Twelve Labors of Hercules. According to Greek mythology, the third job that the hero had to face was capturing the Cierva Cerinea who had the golden antlers and Artemis had tried to capture without success so that she would pull her chariot. In the complete set of sculptures, now unfortunately lost, Apollo Veii seemed to be advancing towards Hercules who was struggling to hold the hind.

07.- The Apollo of Veii

The piece was made of colored terracotta although today the pigmentation –like the arms- has been lost. As for its dating, experts say that it must have dated between 550 and 520 BC. C. being able to fit within theLate Etruscan or International Ionic style.

The sculpture follows the same principles as the Greek works of the archaic period, so we appreciate the symmetry in her hair that, gathered in braids, falls on both sides of her head. His eyes are almond-shaped, with a straight nose and a slight smile can be seen on his face. However, it is the body where the piece acquires greater naturalism and movement: while the left arm falls to the ground, the right one advances to reach its companions. He appears dressed in a short tunic and cape and on his left arm, according to studies carried out in this regard, he could be wearing a bow.

Experts have also ruled that the sculpture of Apollo Veii could belong to the sculptor Vulca, the same one who made the works of the Capitoline Wolf or Zeus found in the Temple of Jupiter Optimus. The piece was discovered at the beginning of the 20th century, specifically in 1916, inside a sanctuary consecrated to Minerva in the city of Veii. The piece has always been highly valued and a strange legend revolves around it as magical powers are attributed to it.

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