This Hindureligious compound is located in the city of Madurai, south of Indiawithin the state of Tamil Nadu. And it is a group of temples and towers surrounded by a kind of wall of 254 x 237 meters. In other words, in total we are talking about 60,000 square meters which are accessed through four doors that coincide with the four cardinal points, and that is where the tallest towers of the complex rise.
Meenakshi Amman Temple Tower
These towers and eight other smaller ones are called Gopurams and they are towers in the shape of a very pronounced and staggered pyramid, in whose four facades and all the floors of its route there are thousands of sculptures made in stucco. In fact, it is estimated that in the entire Meenakshi Amman there are more than 33,000 sculptures.
And curiously when this entire monumental complex was erected, the sculptures on the towers had no color, however over time they were painted in very strong colors, something that has been done cyclically, so that in in some cases the successive coats of paint hide details of the sculpture.
However, visually the whole is impressive and very typical of Hindu art, where profusion, motley shapes and very vivid color tones and in absolutely realistic. Alreadythat these figures represent Hindu gods, mythological characters and also demons, and for all of them there is no hesitation in using non-naturalistic colors such as blues or intense reds.
But in addition to the sculptures of the great towers, within the complex there are different temples. Although the two most important have a central position and are dedicated on the one hand to Meenakshi, who would come to be a personification of Parvati, goddess and wife of the almighty Hindu god Shiva, to which the other of the great temples of the enclosure is dedicated.
All this sacred space today is the very center of the city of Madurai, an ancient sacred city. It is estimated that there were temples on this same site since the 3rd century BC. Although what we see today is not so old, since some parts of the fourteenth century can be observed, although the main structure dates from the seventeenth century.
In this way we are before a complex with a practically square floor plan and enclosed by the wall, which in turn is distributed inside from two other concentric walls to the outside.
There are scattered different towers and several smaller temples, as well as spaces of great artistic interest such as the sacred pond of the Golden Lotus or Pottamarai Kulam, and above all theRoom of the 1,000 Pillars. There stands almost those thousand columns (in reality, there are 985) all of them sculpted in the so-called Dravida style, which is the one considered to be the most authenticallyHindu.