On some occasions the pictorial works must have an overview so that their meaning is complete, however, this does not mean that if the paintings are observed individually they lose their meaning but it is true that it it will appear incomplete with respect to the original set. In this same situation we find the work that we are analyzing here today, a painting with a mythological theme en titled Diana and Callisto and which was made by the Renaissance painter Titian.
The painting of Diana and Callisto is included in the so-called poetry of Titian, a set of six paintings that the artist made for the Spanish monarch Felipe II when he had not yet had ascended the throne. According to experts, the canvases that correspond to the poems must have been painted between approximately 1553 and 1562 and are a total of six paintings based on episodes from Ovid's Metamorphoses. In reality, the original commission was not made up of six canvases but of eight, but in the end two of them never came to fruition. The works had to be exhibited together in the same room and placed two by two to establish a dialogue between them. The cycle of paintings did not come together until several years later, and when he did, it was at the Palacio de Aranjuez in Madrid. The set of poems reflected the perfect union between theletters and painting, the latter being the perfect vehicle of visual expression to capture poetry at a single glance.
On this occasion we will focus on the canvas of Diana and Calisto. Caalisto was one of Diana's favorite nymphs, they must have remained pure and intact, but Callisto had become pregnant with Jupiter after several tricks from the father of the gods. One day Diana and her nymphs were bathing in the river and the goddess was surprised that Calisto did not participate in the games nor did she want to undress. When Diana ordered the other nymphs to undress her, she discovered Callisto's pregnancy and expelled her from her side. This is precisely the moment that she chooses to represent Titian on his canvas. Juno found out about her husband's infidelity and angrily turned Callisto and her son into bears, but Jupiter took pity on the nymph and sent them to heaven in the form of a star, thus explaining the origin of the Big Dipper and the Little Dipper.