Scythian Art

Scythian Art
Scythian Art
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In recent years the great museums have been concerned to acquire pieces of Scythian art within their collections since these have acquired great value, especially gold jewelry pieces since they are small works but they have a great artistic and economic value. These types of collections, which are becoming more and more popular in the Ukraine area, are beginning to attract the attention of the general public, but in reality, what exactly do we know as Scythian art?

scythian_comb

Scythian art or steppe art refers to the set of artistic creations carried out by the Scythian peoples who occupied the well-known Pontic steppe (an area that lies between Kazakhstan and the regions of Georgia). The Scythians were nomadic tribes that is, they did not have a fixed settlement but traveled from one place to another accompanying their herds in search of food. It is precisely their status as a nomadic people that best explains the fact that Scythian art is limited to small items, easy to carry on their travels, usually jewelry or useful objects such as weapons or horse h alters.

As far as its dating is concerned, experts have cataloged that Scythian art would range from the 7th century B.C. until the II B.C. when the Sarmatians took control of the steppe. Regarding the use of materials, we must point out that various materials were worked on, whether they are metalssuch as gold, silver or bronze or also others such as wood and ivory. According to the studies carried out in this regard, two very clear influences can be seen in Scythian art: on the one hand, the influence of Assyrian productions, especially in the oldest pieces, and later, the influence of Greek art. The Scythians maintained an intense trade with the Greeks and the fruit of these relations can be seen in the artistic forms that were created at that time, in which the Scythian influence on Greek art and vice versa is plausible thanks to the transfer of artists.

One of the most remarkable pieces of Scythian art is the well-known Gold Comb which is exhibited in the Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg and dates from between 430 and 390 BC This unique piece was found by a Russian archaeologist at the beginning of the 20th century inside a burial mound. Inside the mound, two adjoining tombs were found with multiple objects that formed the funerary trousseau.

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