This Baroque style temple in the Italian city of Bologna was built between 1605 and 1623, and is the work of several architects, since the general design of the work was raised Giovanni Ambrogio Magenta in 1605, however the bulk of the works were not directed by him, but carried out between 1613 and 1623 the architect Tomasso Martelli.
San Salvador de Bologna
Somehow this church has characteristics similar to Il Gesú of Rome, a true reference for all Italian architecture of the early Baroque. These similarities are based on the fact that an enclosure with a single nave is proposed, which is overlooked by the chapels that are connected to each other through thick buttresses. In addition, the transept is aligned with the rest of the construction. To this we must add the presence of a large central dome and a head of polygonal development.
However, not everything is similar to the work of Vignola, there are also clear differences. For example, it can be seen that the nave is covered in different ways, because in two of its sections lunettes are used, while in the central section the roof is made by means of a groin vault.
And as if that variety weren't enough, at the mouths of the different chapels the coverings are carried out at different heights,proposing a low-high-low rhythm.
On the other hand you can see a very emblematic element of the architecture of the baroque churches, because here too you can see a fusion between what would be a Latin cross plan with treatments typical of a Greek cross. In this way, the aim is to unite the characteristics of longitudinal-type elements with others that are much more central.
However, when talking about the covers projected in this church of San Salvador in Bologna we have not yet mentioned its newest aspect. This is none other than its ascending direction, that is, it grows in height towards the altar, something that traditionally had been the other way around.
In short, this church is not the work of the greatest architects of the full Italian Baroque such as Carlo Maderno orFrancesco Borromini, and yet it's a great example of how to merge different ideas and influences. Since another magnificently resolved fusion is that of the tradition of northern Italy, with regions of styles as particular as that of Lombardy, with the constructive innovations that have led to the great churches of the Counter-Reformation in Rome. And of course, with this fusion of influences, the foundations are being created for what will later become baroque architecture in Turin with Guarino Guarini (San Lorenzo), at Rome with Carlo Rainaldi (Popolo Square), or at Venice with Baldassare Longhena (La Salute).