Cologne Cathedral

Cologne Cathedral
Cologne Cathedral

The Cologne Cathedral is the largest in Germany, and its two towers reach a height of 157 meters, making it they are only surpassed by that of Ulm Minster. But regardless of its grandiose dimensions, the Cologne Cathedral deserves to be mentioned as one of the most splendid works of Gothic architecture.

Colonia's cathedral

Cologne Cathedral

But before this temple was built, the site was already a sacred precinct that housed the old cathedral, the place where, by the way, the Reliquary of the Magi was kept, an object worthy of constant pilgrimage that is followed currently keeping in the temple.

Partly due to this large influx of pilgrims, in the middle of the 13th century Archbishop Konrad of Hochstade decided to build a new temple. It was the year 1248, when the first stone was laid, but the Cathedral with its two towers was not completely finished until the end of the 19th century, specifically in 1880.

Although, during these more than six centuries of work, the church has obviously been open to the public, since it was consecrated in 1322 when the chapels and the main choir had already been completed. And it has also housed important works of art and worship in addition to the Reliquary of the Magi. Also here, the Crucifix of Gero or the Triptych made by the important German painter Stephan Locher, at thewhich he admired so much later Albert Dürer.

But in addition to the movable art of a sacred nature that it keeps inside, in reality the whole temple is like an immense carved stone jewelery box with the most emblematic forms of Gothic art. That is to say, all built on the basis of pointed arches and ribbed vaults on slender pillars with attached columns. By the way, to get an idea of ​​the dimensions of this monumental church, the fact that there are more than 100 pillars to support its vaulting is enough.

It is not surprising that it is currently the most visited monument in all of Germany, since it is like a great book of medieval architecture where you can see the entire repertoire of sculpture, stained glass miniatures, sets of flying buttresses and pinnacles, or covers carved with biblical images. Without a doubt, it is a building worthy of the award of World Heritage of Humanity.

To which is added the affective value of the neighbors of Cologne, and in general of all of Germany. Because despite its imposing volume in the old part of the city, the temple was not irreparably damaged during the bombings of the World War II, when Cologne was practically devastated and in ruins.

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