Roman site of Segóbriga

Roman site of Segóbriga
Roman site of Segóbriga
Anonim

The Archaeological Park of Segóbriga is one of the most important Roman era sites in Spain, especially with regard to the vast Central Plateau, since given its location in the province of Cuenca it was an important crossroads of Roman roads that linked different places on the Mediterranean coast with the center of the peninsula.

Aerial view of Segobriga

Aerial view of Segobriga

However, the origins of Segóbriga go back further than Roman times. In this place there was already a Celtiberian fort in the 5th century BC. C. However, it was when it became a Roman colony that its splendor began, and even more so in the time of Augustus (1st century). It was then that the emperor allowed the city to be exempted from paying certain tributes to Rome and was named a municipium.

From that moment on, powerful stone walls began to be built, the remains of which are still visible. It was a wall with a quadrangular plan that had three doors, of which the two main ones open to the northeast and to the north respectively.

The first one allows the entrance to the city through its northeast corner and had a large octagonal tower to protect the access. On the other hand, the main and more monumental gate is much more focused on urban planning.

In fact, the continuation of the gate is the arteryurban planning of any Roman city, the Cardo Maximus that runs entirely from south to north. This cardo connects the main places in the city and perpendicular roads start from it, with the Decumanus as a central reference. In other words, you can see the most common of the urban schemes of Roman sites from the imperial era.

Because the maximum splendor of Segóbriga would take place during that historical phase. Specifically between the first century and the beginning of the fourth, when it began to be abandoned. A gradual process that led to total ruin in the 8th century, when all this territory was part of Al-Ándulus.

But before that, the city experienced moments of great development and hence the important monuments that make up the site. For example, flanking the main entrance are two of the most emblematic venues of Roman architecture: the theater and the amphitheater, existing cultural and leisure infrastructures in all the great Hispano-Roman cities such as Mérida, Zaragoza or Tarragona.

But in addition to these great buildings, the site of Segóbriga offers us the possibility of seeing a large rectangular forum, located at the intersection between the Decumanus and the Cardo Máximo. In this forum you can still see part of its tiling as well as the birth of the columns that supported the porticoes that surrounded it. And not only that, but there you can also see the remains of the main buildings of any Roman city: its curia, the basilica, thehot springs and various temples, some within the walls and others outside.

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