The Castilian city Burgos has one of the most spectacular Gothic cathedrals built in Spain. And although Gothic art prevails in this construction, it is also true that both inside and outside you can take a real look at the history of art in Spain.
The origins of the temple took place exactly in the year 1221, that is to say, in full effervescence of Gothic architecture in Europe. Since this style had radiated throughout the continent from French lands.
And although in each country the Gothic was acquiring characteristics that personalize it, the truth is that in the case of the Burgos temple the guidelines of Gallic temples such as the cathedrals of Reims were clearly followedor that of Notre Dame in Paris. However, that was only in the initial phase of the 13th century, when the foundations of the future cathedral temple were laid, since there were later additions.
Some even within the same Gothic style, although centuries later, such as the large spiers that dominate the main façade. Some openwork spiers erected as early as the 16th century under the design of the architect and sculptorJuan de Colonia, who, from his own name, deduces that he was of German origin and knew perfectly the gigantic Cologne Cathedral, from where he brought theforms typical of Flamboyant Gothic.
In that same artistic variant other additions can be framed, such as the dome that rises over the transept of the church or the beautiful altarpiece of the Chapel of Santa Ana, the work of Gil de Siloé , who actually had such a personal style that it gave rise to the current so-called Elizabethan Gothic that developed in the 15th century.
And in addition to being a sculptor, he was the father of another great sculptor, Diego de Siloé, who also worked on Burgos Cathedral, and although his father's influence is reflected in some of her creations such as the Chapel of the Constables, it is also true that she is an artist with a character more typical of the Renaissance that took place in the 16th century, and hence the monumentality and appearance of another of his great creations in this Castilian cathedral: the Golden Staircase.
These are just a few examples of the great sculptural gems housed inside this temple, but there are also outside, especially on its covers where the most typical sculptural repertoire of Gothic from the 13th century is preserved, especially in two of those covers like those of Sarmental and the Coronería.
In reality, each of these creations and many others such as the Tomb of Cid el Campeador, the magnificent carved stalls in the choir or the paintings by artists such asSebastiano del Piombo or Giovanni Ricci would deserve an individual article, since as we have said, the Burgos Cathedral is a greatjewel of Spanish Gothic art, but it is that and much more.