This large building in the center of the Cuban capital is the greatest exponent of Art Deco architecture on the Caribbean island. A style that had an important development in these latitudes, since it is only necessary to remember the numerous examples of art deco constructions that the city of Miami currently offers, in the neighboring and at the same time distant Florida of the United States United.
Bacardi Building in Havana
The Bacardí Building in Havana was built in 1930 and was obviously commissioned by the family that owns the famous rum brand. However, that family left the island, fled after the Cuban Revolution led by Fidel Castro, and although it has always kept the name of that company, it ceased to be its headquarters.
To build this huge building, its promoters called a competition that was finally won by the team of architects made up of Esteban Rodríguez Castells, Rafael Fernández Ruenes and José Menéndez Menéndez. And as for the construction itself, which took less than a year, it was carried out by a company based in Germany.
Its shape evokes a stepped pyramid, whose structure is created with steel and concrete. But not only that ascending form animates the building, but also its peculiar color scheme that combines the tiles with granite, limestone, brick or terracotta elements. That is, as indicated by thedenomination of this artistic style, the building is configured as a huge very decorative element.
And along the same lines, we must understand the large sculpture of a bat at the top of the building. An animal that is the commercial image of the drink and that here becomes the top of the pyramid. Which, with its 12 floors, at the time became the tallest building in the entire República de Cuba.
That decorative concept and combination of types of stones and colors on its façade, is also perpetuated inside, especially in its halls, where pinkish granites or green-toned marbles reappear. And according to the chronicles, it is said that it has granite and marble from the most famous quarries in Europe, as there are some from Germany, Belgium, France, Hungary, Italy, Norway or Sweden. And fortunately, much of that decoration is preserved today, especially thanks to a final restoration carried out at the beginning of this 21st century.