Punakka Dzong

Punakka Dzong
Punakka Dzong

Dzongs are the most charismatic type of construction along the Himalayas and especially in the territory of Bhutan.

This is a type of works that are at the same time monasteries and also fortresses, since in those latitudes the union between civil power and religion is common. And in the case of Bhutan, many of these dzongs were built throughout the 17th century and all of them have similar characteristics, which is what is known as jong architecture.


Punakka Dzong

Of the many dzongs scattered throughout the cities of this Asian country, the Dzong of Punakka stands out, not in vain, this city was the Bhutanese capital for centuries, until in the year 1955 moved to Timpu.

Punakka's Dzong often resembles the Great Potala Palace in neighboring Tibet. However, they are different, precisely because Bhutanese construction is based on the forms of the aforementioned jong architecture.

And what are those features? In the first place, they are works created based on very high walls of both stone and brick, which are painted in the most typical colors of the Himalayan landscapes. That is to say, they are painted in a white tone in almost all of their development, while the border parts usually have red bands and there are also circular shapes in gold.

Furthermore, those walls do not have excessive windows due to climate reasons, and even in their lower parts they lack those windows, in this case for defensive reasons. And on the other hand they are usually inclined in height. And also the union between the wall faces forms right angles.

All that regarding its exterior, but inside it is a succession of buildings and patios that are ruled by towers. These interiors are accessed through large doors that generally lead to highly decorated rooms and patios, where the most typical elements of Buddhism and its profuse ornamentation are not lacking.

Because the dzong are at the same time a residence for officials or personalities, and also house different Buddhist temples inside. And among all the dzongs in Bhutan, the one in Punakka is possibly the most beautiful and emblematic.

This is a huge construction 180 meters long by 70 wide, which is accessed through a covered bridge over a river. Because the Punakka Dzong is not only interesting for its architecture but also for its location on the banks of the confluence of two rivers: the Mother River (Mo Chou) and the Father River (Pho Chou).

Being close to these rivers means that in the years of greatest flooding there are always damages and floods, but they are immediately repaired and restored given the importance of this place for Bhutan. Not surprisingly, they also know it as the Palace of Great Happiness.

Popular topic