This painting exhibited in the halls of the Philadelphia Museum of Art in the United States is the creation of a young man Marcel Duchamp, who painted it in 1911, just before he became extraordinarily famous with works like his Bicycle Wheel, the famous L.H.O.O.Q. with the image of Leonardo'sMona Lisaand many others of his controversial and provocative ready-made
But before that, he presents us with this painting in its most surreal and figurative facet. A work dedicated to the female members of his family. We see her mother at the top of the composition, and below her and forming an almost perfect and very evident diamond are her three sisters. Two of them playing an instrument on the sides, Ivonne at the piano and Madeleine with the violin, while Suzanne sits in the lower part, silent and totally absent in her thoughts, and even looking in a different direction from that of her two sisters..
This is a painting with a very clear compositional structure based on diagonals and also color harmony. All of them based on the mixture of yellow and ocher that dominates the painting, and that appears much stronger in the lower part, more pinkish at the height of the girls, and more luminous above and in the background, which makes the girls stand out even more. the tall figure of the mother.
He actually paints this work posing a problem and a family crisis, sinceHe's telling us about how his sister Suzanne left the family. And with that excuse he creates a scene capturing the unconscious feelings and idealizations of each one. In fact, the canvas is full of symbols and sentimental meanings that are very difficult for anyone to unravel, except for the family of Duchamp.
However, from a pictorial point of view it is a very interesting work, to see how this groundbreaking and avant-garde artist, at the same time knew how to make works with a deep compositional order based on geometric construction and with a delicate color harmony.
Somehow it is an image that basically comes to say that he knew how to paint, that he knew the styles of the moment and the conventions that already existed in the avant-garde of the time, and for that reason he was already prepared to break it all. His concept of art goes beyond oil painting, and he will certainly prove it soon with works like the ones cited at the beginning of the article.