The Angel of the Home, Ernst

The Angel of the Home, Ernst
The Angel of the Home, Ernst

Over the years, painting has become one of the most appreciated sources by historians to study and learn about history, and although it may sometimes seem that it is not, the historical avant-gardes are one of the movements that best reflected the history of their time; painters were not insensitive to the difficulties that the 20th century posed for humanity with the worst wars in history, world conflicts, and many artists raised their brushes to denounce the atrocities that were being committed in Europe.


In this sense we must point out how the 1930s was one of the most tense periods of the 20th century, after the impact of the First World War, Europe as a whole turned its eyes towards Spain with the conflict of the Civil War and the rise of the Franco dictatorship supported by other totalitarian regimes such as Italy or Germany, perhaps the emblematic work of Picasso, El Guernica was the one that best captured the Spanish conflict but there were also other many pieces that tell us about this situation, such as the one we are analyzing here, an oil on canvas by the artist Max Ernst en titled The Angel of the Home.

Ernst participated in Dadaist aesthetics, but it was undoubtedly hisforay into surrealist painting that best served him to express hispolitical ideals against totalitarianisms. On this occasion the artistshows a desolate landscape -a reference to Spain after the Civil War as Picasso already did- dominated by a great monster in which references to a great vulture advancing ready to devour its prey can be seen. A satisfied smile and a threatening posture can be seen on the monster's face, with expressive movements that seem ready to destroy everything in its path.

The violence of his strength speaks to us of the terror shown by his actions, unstoppable and ready to take down anyone who gets in his way. This is how the artist refers not only to the Spanish conflict but also to the rise of totalitarianism that is approaching a new world conflict that will plunge Europe and the entire world into a new war.

It was precisely this type of denouncing works that caused the artist to be persecuted and for which he ended up in exile in the United States

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