This fragment of a marble sculpture was found at a site in Athens, and is kept in the Archaeological Museum in the capital of Greece.
It is a head, about 44 centimeters high, that is, larger than life size. In this Dipylon Head you can see many of the usual features of the most archaic Greek esculpture. In fact, many of its elements can be seen in other works from that artistic period, such as the Sounion Kouros, or the Volamandra Kouros, although in these two cases we practically the complete figure has arrived, and not just the head.
Possibly we are facing the remains of a funerary statue, which would be made between the final years of the seventh century BC and the first decades of the following century. Some dates that make it practically contemporary with other marble heads found in Delphi, although in the case of Dipylon, it is appreciated that there is a very vigorous capture of the form, and especially of the relationship between the skull and the face.
That face has certain very pronounced features, especially in relation to the eyebrows and eyelids or the bridge of the nose, which in a very geometric way frames enormous, bulging, almond-shaped eyes. But despite these exaggerations, the truth is that it cannot be said that they convey any expression,something that is very common in the artistic creations of primitive periods. The ornamental character given to the representation of the ears is also very primitive. And unfortunately we can say little about his nose and lips, since in those parts the sculpture is seriously damaged and it is not possible to know how they were carved.
However, it can be assured that this great head would belong to a complete figure in which the idea of frontality would dominate, something inherited from Eastern sculpture. Hence, its symmetry, its stiff neck and perfectly centered head. Also very characteristic of archaic Greek art is the type of hair the character wears, a geometrically stylized mane.
In short, this work is a good exponent of the early art of Ancient Greece, and especially of the so-called Attic School, which was in continuous evolution during this period, since in subsequent decades the artists of this stylistic school developed such important works as the Moscóforo or the Koré del Peplo.