This work carried out by the Romans dates back to the 1st century BC, specifically between 30 and 20 BC. C. And it is located at the archaeological site of the ancient Gallo-Roman city of Glanum, in the town of Saint Remy de Provence, south ofFrance.
The Mausoleo de los Julios is over 17 meters high, and due to both its size and its location on what would be the outskirts of the city, it is a highly visible monument, as it is located near the Via Domitia, which crossed the entire south of France and reached the land of Hispania (Spain).
It is a funerary monument, and as usual in this type of Roman works, arts such as architecture, sculpture or epigraphy are merged here, due to the different Latin inscriptions that can be read.
For example, here we read that the monument was built by Sextus, Lucius and Marcus Julius in memory of their parents (hence “the Juliuses”). These possibly were a family of Gallic origin, but after decades of Roman presence in the place, they had already adapted and adapted to Latin tastes, hence they will use classic architectural elements such as columns and compound capitals, or half arches. point. And not only that, but the large reliefs that can be seen in the lower part of the mausoleum also representRoman mythological motifs.
Relief of the Mausoleum of the Jules
There is a bas-relief on each of the four faces of the monument, in its lower part so that it can be seen more easily. And of those four reliefs, three of them are dedicated to those mythological themes. Perhaps the most valuable, however, is a fourth relief panel depicting a historical event, the details of which may have actually happened.
In it we see what would be a passage from theconquest of Gaulled by Julius Caesar himself, and which he himself took it upon himself to describe in writing in the work of him about the Gallic Wars.
Specifically in the reliefs we see a strong fight between soldiers on horseback and infantry. In that fight, a horseman collapses, while another soldier protects him with his shield. A fact that perhaps would mention the honoree in the mausoleum and that would be the reason for being part of the local patriciate.
Furthermore, in another area of the relief, it is seen how a group of men, dressed as civilians, not military, listen to a character reading a document, which would be the moment in which the Julius would be integrated into the high society of Roman Gaul.