Yakushi-ji

Yakushi-ji
Yakushi-ji
Anonim

The one at Yakushi-ji is another of the oldest temples in Japan. A construction that originated between the years 680 and 698, that is, it predates other great temples in the city of Nara such as Todai-ji or Horuy-ji.

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Japanese Yakushi-ji Temple Ensemble

In this case he had it built byEmperor Tenmuas an offering to heal his wife, suffering from a serious illness. But the works were quite slow, since it took 18 years to finish it. In addition, it was initially built in Fujiwara, but in the year 710 it was decided to move it in its entirety and piece by piece to Nara, at that time the capital of the empire. In fact, this phase of Japanese history is known as the Nara Period.

But the epics of Yakushi-ji did not end here, since in Nara it suffered up to five fires. In this way, at present the only thing that is authentically faithful to the original is the eastern pagoda, while the western or the great hall of gold are constructions of the past century XX.

What is interesting is the overall plan of the temple that consists of a wall surrounding the enclosure, a monumental access door and then the usual spaces that are repeated in other shinto temples. In other words, the succession of garán, chumán and kondó, to which should be added the two pagodas, as well as the different auxiliary rooms that aredistributed symmetrically with respect to the main axis of the set.

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Yakushi-ji East Pagoda

In fact, that characteristic of symmetry here is greatly enhanced and is due to the enormous influence that Chinese architecture had on Japanese temples of that time. An influence that is also denoted in the oriental pagoda, which we have already said is the most original of the entire enclosure.

Here you can see Chinese characteristics such as the fact that it has a plinth or that there are stairs on all sides. In addition to the fact that it is a pagoda with a square floor plan, it has double roofs, that is, it has 3 floors and 6 roofs. Just like the mast with its seven parasols, and even its interior, are of Chinese influence.

And if we compare the placement system of the supports and slats of this construction with others a little later, as is the case of Horyu-ji, it can be seen that in the Yakushi-ji assembly system is more weightless, although at the same time more complicated in its making.

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