Crypt of Colonia Güell, Gaudí

Crypt of Colonia Güell, Gaudí
Crypt of Colonia Güell, Gaudí

Sometimes it happens that architectural works do not come to an end, and yet, despite being unfinished, their magnitude makes us overwhelmed when we think what would have happened to the work if it had really been finished. It is precisely in this context that we can situate the work that we are analyzing here, Gaudí's Colonia Güell Crypt, an architectural work that formed part of Colonia Güell commissioned by Eusebi Güell for his workers in the textile factory; but even further, the crypt despite being an architectural marvel was not designed as such, but was part of a larger complex, specifically a temple that was never built.

The piece is located in the Coloma de Cervelló and is part of the naturalistic stage of the architect when the artist is in full creative maturity combining the naturalistic style -for Gaudí the Nature was a great source of inspiration - with the formulas of ruled geometry and a great creative capacity that made him arrange shapes freely and abandoning any previously established rule.


Colonia Güell would have been, without a doubt, Gaudí's most ambitious project, however, its construction was never finished. In the specific case of the crypt, the project was already done in 1898 and yet the first stone of the construction was not laid until ten years later. At the death of the CountGüell had only built the crypt and the rest of the construction was stopped by the children who did not want to continue with their father's project.

For the temple, the Catalan architect had planned a church with an oval floor plan with five naves, the central one wider than the lateral ones and a projection in height with different towers and a dome. Most of the innovations that Gaudí proposed for the temple he wanted to carry out first in the crypt and, as the church was never built later, the artist used them in another of his great projects, La Sagrada Familia, in fact, the very The artist commented that if the temple in Colonia Güell had been completed it would have been a large model of the Sagrada Familia.

The artist used a combination of materials, red brick and bas alt stone, and raised the whole as if it were a symbolic ascent so that the crypt, located under the which would be the main altar of the temple was the lowest level. The center of the crypt is occupied by four thick brick pillars that support the flat ceiling. The set is completed with an intricate iconological program designed by Gaudí himself in which we find references to both the principals, Catalonia and the Apocalypse.

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