Roman walls of Lugo

Roman walls of Lugo
Roman walls of Lugo
Anonim

In the Spanish city of Lugo, the best preserved and largest defensive complex of all those built by the Romans in their many colonies is preserved. Some walls that enclosed the old town of Lucus Augusti founded in the year 13 a. C, in the time of Emperor Caesar Augustus. Although the walls would still take a while to be built as we know them, since they date from the Hispania period of the Low Empire, at the end of the 2nd century. And surprisingly, that work has survived practically intact to this day and inside it continues to protect the streets of the current Galician city of Lugo.

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Roman wall of Lugo

In total there are more than 2 kilometers of walls, along which there are up to 85 towers. A wall that in turn has 10 gates (5 from Roman times and another five that were opened later). And it also has a round walk on the walls themselves. A promenade that would originally be a route for military use, but which, however, is currently a promenade for the entire population and its visitors, and going through it is the best way to appreciate the robustness of this incredible architectural work.

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Walk around the Walls of Lugo

So impressive that it's listed as a Unesco World Heritage Site, and is even twinned with the Great Wall of China.

We are beforea work of great category and we even know that it was built following the instructions of the renowned Roman engineer Vitruvius. Its dimensions are more than respectable, since although there are sections in which the walls reach a width of 7 meters, they are never less than 4 meters wide. And to that we must add the towers that in some cases exceed 12 meters. tall.

It is curious to know that when such a work was built, the layout protected certain uninhabited areas, and on the contrary there were inhabited and residential areas that were excluded from its protection. No one knows the exact explanation, but the fact is that a wall was chosen that, although adapted to an irregular orography, has a practically quadrangular layout, although the vertices are smoothed.

As you can imagine, all of it involved the movement of a huge amount of materials and those of the area were used. That is to say, it is built with slate for the exterior part of the walls that make a kind of sandwich that is filled with earth, stones and pebbles only cemented with the humidity of the water. And in the case of the angles of the towers or the tops of the doors, the hardness of granite stones was used.

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