Monte Saint Michele Abbey

Monte Saint Michele Abbey
Monte Saint Michele Abbey

France is one of the countries that has the largest number of medieval buildings, whether Romanesque or Gothic, in its heritage we find endless temples, each one more spectacular and in part this is due to the great development they experienced the abbeys in the French country with the military religious orders such as Templars or Cathars, but if we had to choose an abbey from all the Frankish territory, this would be without a doubt the Abbey of Monte de San Miguel or Saint Michele that we analyze here and that It has been declared a National Historical Monument since 1862 and has been part, since 1979, of the list of World Heritage Sites drawn up by UNESCO.


Actually, it is not for less, because we are facing a construction that not only has a great artistic historical value but is also a natural enclave of great beauty that further enhances the majesty of the building. Located in the Lower Normandy region, its origin dates back to the 4th century when Christianity arrived in the region and in the same place that the temple now occupies, some shelters were housed for hermits seeking tranquility. The origin of the construction as such dates back a few centuries, until the 8th century, when Bishop Auberto de Avranches decided to build an oratory for the archangel Saint Michael who, in theory, had been appeared an ar of years before to entrust thismission.

Saint Michele is not about a single homogeneous construction, but we must think of a set of constructions that go from the Carolingian to the Gothic era and in which the different spaces were added as a result of the needs that arose. The first church in the pre-Romanesque style soon became too small to house the growing number of pilgrims who came to the abbey and a new temple with three different crypts was built on the site where the rooms of the monks, who moved north.

La Marvelle is the name by which the monks' residence area is known which is divided into a slightly older eastern sector where the chaplaincy, the refectory and the Sala des Hotes and a western sector, built seven years later, with the cellar, the cloister and the Sala de los Caballeros.

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