Cancho Roano Archaeological Ensemble

Cancho Roano Archaeological Ensemble
Cancho Roano Archaeological Ensemble

The archaeological site of Cancho Roano is the Tartessian complex that has best survived to this day. It is an extremely important archaeological site located in the province of Badajoz, more specifically in the town of Zalamea de la Serena, very close to a stream known as Cagancha.

Even the oldest historians, such as Estragon, tell us about the complexity of the Tartessian peoples, since they had a much more advanced culture and society than other pre-Roman peoples that inhabited the Iberian Peninsula. But the truth is that the influence of the Tartessians was seen throughout the Mediterranean, they were a people dedicated eminently to agriculture and mining, but also to commerce, so it was easy for their influence to spread throughout the areas in which they navigated.


When we talk about the archaeological site of Cancho Roano we must point out that, although the first scientific excavations date back to the end of the seventies,the first news about this archaeological site they are earlier, specifically from the fifties, when the owner of a farm near the archaeological site set out to flatten the land with an excavator to facilitate agricultural work; at that time, the first remains appeared and shortly after the village teacher who was fond of archeology excavated on his ownsome strata and made a small exhibition with the remains found in the area.

In Cancho roano the remains of an old building have been found and are in good enough condition to have been buried. The foundations of the construction have been made in uncarved stone while the walls are made of adobe or rammed earth. In fact, in the complex you can see up to a total of three constructions from different periods, where the biggest difference is the expansion of spaces, as well as the improvement in the use of increasingly complex materials. Inside the building we find three small rooms and another larger one, in addition two altars have been discovered that would belong to different construction stages. The oldest of the two altars has a rounded shape and a triangle attached to the circle, this could be a representation of the Carthaginian goddess Tanit; the other altar, more modern, is shaped like a bull's skin.

Despite numerous studies carried out in this regard, the truth is that researchers have not been able to agree on the function that the building would fulfill and while some defend that it should be of a palace, others think it would be more of a temple.

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