Persepolis Palace Complex (II)

Persepolis Palace Complex (II)
Persepolis Palace Complex (II)
Anonim

The Apadana of Persepolis is nothing more than a hypostyle hall that was used as an audience hall by Darius I the Great; the experts shuffle that the works must have begun around the year 515 BC. but its construction took so long that it finally had to be finished in the time of Xerxes I. all these data were collected on commemorative tablets made of gold and silver that the monarch himself he had it kept within the walls of the room. As part of the palatine complex and especially the area dedicated to the monarch, the Apadana is located in the upper area of ​​Persepolis, so access is limited to a couple of double-flight and divergent stairs. In the Apadana we find the influence that Greece and its art had on the Persians, so that strong similarities with the temple of Hera in Samos can be seen in the columns of the room.

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However, the most spectacular part of the Persepolis palatial complex was undoubtedly its own palace, a quadrangular space that had about sixty meters on each side. The space was configured with a central quadrangular room that had thirty-six columns arranged in rows; In the north, east and west areas, rectangular porticoes have been attached, each of which had twelve columns; while the south side has smaller rooms that gave access to the Tachara, theprivate palace of Darius the Great.

The ceiling was flat and the transverse wooden beams rested on columns with zoomorphic capitals of lions and bulls known as protomes. The palace complex was richly ornamented with reliefs on the shafts of the columns, on the accesses to the stairs and even on some areas of the wall. In addition, all the reliefs were painted, which would give it an even more spectacular appearance. Plates of precious metals, such as gold, ivory or silver, were also used to decorate the doors.

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According to the experts, both the Apadana and the palace had to fulfill a double objective: on the one hand, to serve as a receptacle for a large number of visitors, showing their It was once the power of the monarch, but it was also the place where the court witnessed the ceremonies that took place in the lower area of ​​the city.

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