Angel of Independence of Mexico City

Angel of Independence of Mexico City
Angel of Independence of Mexico City

This monument is a commemorative representation of the Independence of Mexico. And although that historic event took place in 1921, the truth is that the monument dates back much later, since it was not inaugurated until 1910, when General Porfirio Díaz was president. And this delay between some dates and others is due to different causes, since there was always the intention to build a monument on this transcendental episode, but economic problems, political changes and even construction problems delayed the work for years.


Angel of Independence

In fact, it was initially going to be built in the Plaza de Armas of Mexico City, known as the Zócalo. But when its construction began in 1843, after a second project, the works did not go beyond the pedestal, the base, and hence the current name of that enormous square, perhaps the most emblematic of the Mexican capital.

So years later the idea moved to the current location. And a huge column was created there, reminiscent of Roman monuments like the Trajan's Column. But in this case, in the upper part there is a bronze sculpture that is a figure of Winged Victory with a laurel wreath and a broken chain symbolizing independence. This figure is popularly known as Angel of Independence. By the way, the sculpture is not the original, but areplica that should have been made to replace the previous one that fell after an earthquake in 1957.

We have mentioned Trajan's Column, but that reference is only valid for the commemorative purpose, since there is no relief strip here. And even a column of a very peculiar order was made, since it is a capital formed by four eagles whose outstretched wings merge with the scrolls and acanthus leaves typical of the classical orders.

In the rest of the shaft of the column there are reliefs, but it is a series of garlands, medallions and inscriptions that have a clear commemorative character, honoring the heroes of independence.

Something that also happens on the pedestal, where there are several sculptural groups, which are again reminders of the events of the independence of Mexico. And not only that, but that pedestal was transformed between 1923 and 1925 into a mausoleum to house the remains of some heroes who put an end to the Viceroy alty.

In short, this is an important artistic complex that brings together architectural, urban, sculptural and historical issues. A set in whose materialization many estates and personalities intervened, but we can summarize that the most outstanding were Antonio Rivas Mercado as general manager of the project, Roberto Gayol as in charge of the construction work and the Italian Enrico Alciati as in charge of carrying out all the sculptural work.

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