Perhaps for western painting, the Russian artistAndréi Rublev(c. 1360 – 1430) is a great unknown, however he is a reference in the Russian medieval art.
De Rublev the exact year of his birth is unknown, although it is estimated to be around the year 1360. And it is also unknown where he was born, but what seems certain is that he spent a large part of his life in the vicinity of Moscow, specifically in the Monastery of the Trinity of Saint Sergio, one of the main spiritual centers of the Orthodox religion in Russia.
Rublev Old Testament Trinity
And the year 1405 arrived, which was when he received a commission of enormous importance, since it was the first artist who was asked to paint some frescoes on the walls of the cathedral of the Annunciation of the Kremlin in Moscow. Where he also painted several icons so characteristic of theRussian Orthodox creed.
This was a first commission that was followed by others in various cathedrals and monasteries in the country. For that reason it is a true example of Russian religious painting from the early 15th century. A work that he carried out both in mural works and in paintings like the one we see here
The scene of the Trinity that we show is a panel painted with the tempera technique around the year 1410. An icon that today is exhibited in the GalleryMoscow State Tretyakov.
The scene refers to a chapter ofGenesis in the Old Testament, when three walkers visit the house of Abraham and his wife Sarah. A type of scene quite common in other Byzantine-style icons of the Orthodox religion, such as the work of The Hospitality of Abraham that is preserved in a museum in Athens.
But in the case of the icon painted by Andrei Rublev, that same biblical episode has been interpreted as representing the Trinity. Father, Son and Holy Ghost sitting at a table, and making anyone welcome at that table.
A table that somehow becomes an altar for the believer, since there is the tray in which Abraham would deposit the meat of the ram that he sacrificed in honor of his visitors. A meat that the faithful immediately associate with the idea of the Lamb of God associated with the life and death of Christ.
It's an icon where you can breathe a most pleasant atmosphere, especially because of those sweet and peaceful figures. Everything governed by symmetry and harmony, which is a common feature in Byzantine icons.
Everything is most spiritual. From the gestures of the three characters or their looks to the color chosen, based on gold and orange tones, although blue, maroon or green are also used to give prominence to those figures with rather languid attitudes. Languid but at the same time radiating light and even majesty.